How simple autonomous decisions evolve into robust behaviours?: A review from neurorobotics, cognitive, self-organized and artificial immune systems fields

Authors
Fernandez Leon, Jose Alberto; Acosta, Gerardo Gabriel; Rozenfeld, Alejandro Fabian
Publication Year
2014
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Researchers in diverse fields such as in neuroscience, systems biology and autonomous robotics have been intrigued by the origin and mechanisms forbiological robustness. Darwinian evolution, in general, has suggested that adaptive mechanisms, as a way of reaching robustness, could evolve by natural selection acting successively on numerous heritable variations. However, is this understanding enough for realizing how biological systems remain robust during their interactions with the surroundings? Here, we describe selected studies of bio-inspired systems that show behavioral robustness. From neurorobotics, cognitive, self-organizing and artificial immune system perspectives, our discussions focus mainly on how robust behaviors evolve or emerge in these systems, having the capacity of interacting with their surroundings. These descriptions are twofold. Initially, we introduce examples from autonomous robotics to illustrate how the process of designing robust control can be idealized in complex environments for autonomous navigation in terrain and underwater vehicles. We also include descriptions of bio-inspired self-organizing systems. Then, we introduce other studies that contextualize experimental evolution with simulated organismsand physical robots to exemplify how the process of natural selection can lead to the evolution of robustnessby means of adaptive behaviors.
Fil: Fernandez Leon, Jose Alberto. University Of Sussex. Centre for Computational Neuroscience and Robotics; Reino Unido
Fil: Acosta, Gerardo Gabriel. Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ingeniería Olavarria. Departamento de Electromecánica. Grupo Intelymec; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Tandil. Centro de Investigaciones en Física e Ingeniería del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires; Argentina. Universitat de les Illes Balears. Departament di Fisica; España
Fil: Rozenfeld, Alejandro Fabian. Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ingeniería Olavarria. Departamento de Electromecánica. Grupo Intelymec; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Tandil. Centro de Investigaciones en Física e Ingeniería del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires; Argentina. University of Évora. Rui Nabeiro Biodiversity Chair; Portugal
Subject
Adaptation
Robustness
Learning
Autonomous mobile robots
Control Automático y Robótica
Ingeniería Eléctrica, Ingeniería Electrónica e Ingeniería de la Información
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/4668