Neuroprotective agents in brain injury: A partial failure?

Authors
Barreto, George E.; Gonzalez Santos, Janneth; Capani, Francisco; Morales, Ludis
Publication Year
2012
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Brain injury leads to inflammation, stress, and cell death. Neurons are more susceptible to injury than astrocytes, as they have limited antioxidant capacity, and rely heavily on their metabolic coupling with astrocytes to combat oxidative stress. Both normally and after brain injury, astrocytes support neurons by providing antioxidant protection, substrates for neuronal metabolism, and glutamate clearance. Although astrocytes are generally more resilient than neurons after injury, severe damage also results in astrocyte dysfunction, leading to increased neuronal death. This mini review provides a very insightful and brief overview on a few examples of promising neuroprotective compounds targeting astrocyte function, with specific attention on how these treatments alter astrocyte response or viability, and how this may be critical for neuronal survival following brain injury.
Fil: Barreto, George E.. Pontificia Universidad Javeriana; Colombia
Fil: Gonzalez Santos, Janneth. Pontificia Universidad Javeriana; Colombia
Fil: Capani, Francisco. Universidad Argentina "John F. Kennedy"; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Investigaciones Cardiológicas. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Investigaciones Cardiológicas; Argentina
Fil: Morales, Ludis. Pontificia Universidad Javeriana; Colombia
Subject
ASTROCYTES
BRAIN INJURY
CLINICAL TRIALS
NEURONS
NEUROPROTECTION
Inmunología
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/67323