Overweight and obesity: a review of their relationship to metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and cancer in South America

Authors
Aballay, Laura Rosana; Eynard, Aldo Renato; Diaz, Maria del Pilar; Navarro, Alicia; Muñoz, Sonia Edith
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Socioeconomic and demographic transformations are occurring very rapidly in some areas of the world, especially in South America, and are accompanied by changes in lifestyle, dietary patterns, and the epidemiological profile of prevalent diseases. This review examines whether obesity and overweight are related to metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and cancer in South America. Research carried out in more than 6,000 cases and controls was evaluated, along with most of the available publications related to South America. In South America, obesity and risk factors for cardiovascular disease are related mainly to aging, ethnicity effects, and preventable risky lifestyle conditions. Most of the studies that found an association between cancer and obesity are from the Southern Cone, the geographic area most affected by this pathology. Overall, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was highest in Chile, followed in decreasing order by Colombia, Peru, Argentina, and Ecuador, with differences noted between urban and rural areas or between urban and periurban areas. Obesity and cancer may be preventable, at least in part, by healthy behavior; hence, exercise, weight control, and healthy dietary habits are important to reduce the risk of these major chronic diseases.
Fil: Aballay, Laura Rosana. Universidad Nacional de Cordoba. Facultad de Medicina. Escuela de Nutrición; Argentina
Fil: Eynard, Aldo Renato. Universidad Nacional de Cordoba. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Biologia Celular; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas. Centro Cientifico Tecnologico Cordoba. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud; Argentina
Fil: Diaz, Maria del Pilar. Universidad Nacional de Cordoba. Facultad de Medicina. Escuela de Nutrición; Argentina
Fil: Navarro, Alicia. Universidad Nacional de Cordoba. Facultad de Medicina. Escuela de Nutrición; Argentina
Fil: Muñoz, Sonia Edith. Universidad Nacional de Cordoba. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Biologia Celular; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas. Centro Cientifico Tecnologico Cordoba. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud; Argentina
Subject
OVERWEIGHT
OBESITY
METABOLIC SYNDROME
CARDIOVASCULAR
CANCER
Otras Ciencias de la Salud
Ciencias de la Salud
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/11433