Dissemination of an erythromycin-resistant penicillin-nonsusceptible streptococcus pneumoniae Poland6B-20 clone in Argentina

Authors
Bonofiglio, Laura; Regueira, Mabel; Pace, Julio; Corso, Alejandra; García, Ernesto; Mollerach, Marta Eugenia
Publication Year
2011
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Prevalence of serotype 6B penicillin (PEN)-nonsusceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae significantly increased from 15.8% (1993-1997) to 67.3% (1998-2002) (p < 0.001) in Argentina. Serogroup 6 ranks fourth among different capsular types within invasive isolates from Argentinean patients <6 years of age. To evaluate whether the increase in PEN resistance in serotype 6B pneumococci was due to the dissemination of one or more clones, the genetic diversity of 93 S. pneumoniae serotype 6B isolates was analyzed. Five BOX-polymerase chain reaction types were obtained (65.5% isolates) and a group of 15 isolates, representing 41.6% of those having a decreased susceptibility to PEN, were further characterized. The antibiotype of these isolates showed their multiresistance, with 100% of the isolates being resistant to erythromycin, 80% to tetracycline, and 73.3% to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Of the 15 isolates, 13 belonged to the same pulsed-field gel electrophoresis type and galU cluster and were members of the same clone. The identity of the clone was confirmed in four isolates by multilocus sequence typing. The sequence type found (ST315) corresponds to the Poland6B-20 clone. In summary, BOX-polymerase chain reaction, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, and galU polymorphism were useful tools to detect the presence of a clone whose identity was confirmed by multilocus sequence typing. The isolates belonging to Poland6B-20 found in this work are described for the first time in Latin America.
Fil: Bonofiglio, Laura. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica; Argentina
Fil: Regueira, Mabel. Dirección Nacional de Institutos de Investigación. Administración Nacional de Laboratorios e Institutos de Salud. Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Infecciosas; Argentina
Fil: Pace, Julio. Dirección Nacional de Institutos de Investigación. Administración Nacional de Laboratorios e Institutos de Salud. Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Infecciosas; Argentina
Fil: Corso, Alejandra. Dirección Nacional de Institutos de Investigación. Administración Nacional de Laboratorios e Institutos de Salud. Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Infecciosas; Argentina
Fil: García, Ernesto. Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red; España
Fil: Mollerach, Marta Eugenia. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica; Argentina
Subject
S. pneumoniae
serotype 6B
Poland6B-20
galU
PFGE
Otras Ciencias de la Salud
Ciencias de la Salud
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/67317