Carbon-supported PtSn Catalysts: Characterization and Catalytic Properties

Authors
Román Martínez, María Carmen; Cazorla Amorós, Diego; de Miguel, Sergio Ruben; Scelza, Osvaldo Antonio
Publication Year
2004
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Carbon-supported PtSn catalysts were prepared by impregnation using a commercial activated carbon after purification and oxidation (H2O2, 20 v/v%) treatments. The support surface chemistry of the carbon after purification and the oxidized carbon, and successive impregnation or coimpregnation procedures were the variables investigated. The catalysts obtained were characterized using the following techniques: TPD and TPR experiments, H2 chemisorption, XPS and XAFS, and activity assessment in the following reactions: cyclohexane dehydrogenation (reaction insensitive to structure), cyclopentane hydrogenolysis (reaction sensitive to structure) and carvone hydrogenation, which allows analysis of the selectivity of PtSn catalysts (carvone contains one C=O group and two C=C bonds for hydrogenation). The objective of the study is to find any relationships between the preparation procedure and the support properties, the characteristics of the resulting catalysts, and the catalytic behavior. The porosity of the carbon support together with the surface oxidation determines the accessibility of reactants to the active sites. Unusual selectivity to alcohols was found. Addition of tin caused blocking and dilution of the platinum clusters. The carbon support also affected the selectivity either because of its electronic properties or because of the particular metal structures developed.
Fil: Román Martínez, María Carmen. Universidad de Alicante; España
Fil: Cazorla Amorós, Diego. Universidad de Alicante; España
Fil: de Miguel, Sergio Ruben. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica ; Argentina
Fil: Scelza, Osvaldo Antonio. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica ; Argentina
Subject
Platinum tin catalyst
Carbon support
Carvone hydrogenation
XAFS
TPR
Otras Ingeniería Química
Ingeniería Química
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Access level
Restricted access
Condiciones de uso
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/55833