Publication Date: 2017.
The Givetian platform of the Ardenne Massif records several alternations between a siliciclastic-carbonate ramp and a carbonate shelf. Usually these depositional contexts are considered as a major disruption implying a perturbation of many ecological parameters. We established the impact of these variations on the biodiversity structure through the study of the trophic organisation. Thanks to a previous microfacies analysis, 550 levels of the Mont d´Haurs section in Givet and ten associated environments were precisely defined. Seven palaeotrophic levels are recognised from micropalaeontological data, including benthic, planktonic, heterotroph and autotroph organisms. The spatial and temporal distributions of these levels have been analysed through means of multivariate analyses. The statistic results show that the distribution of the palaeotrophic levels during periods characterised by a mixed ramp is not significantly different than during carbonate shelf influences. These environmental modifications do not affect the community-type. These results support recent studies performed on different benthic communities occurring in the Givetian of the Ardenne Massif. Indeed, trilobite and ostracod faunas of this period appear more affected by global environmental changes as the Kačák (uppermost Eifelian) and Taghanic (late middle Givetian) events. Moreover, along the proximal-distal transect on the platform, reef constitute the most singular environment. However, contrary to the Frasnian reefs of the Ardenne Massif, which consist of carbonate mud mounds laying on a deep mixed ramp, there is no trilobite community that appears restricted to Givetian reefs. Thus global bioevents during the Middle Devonian have a more important control on the biodiversity than the platform morphology. These results support the view that at wide scales (spatial and temporal), the biodiversity responds more positively to ecological disturbances.
Author affiliation: Bignon, Arnaud Marcel Jacques. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Córdoba. Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Tierra. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas Físicas y Naturales. Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Tierra; Argentina
Author affiliation: Cronier, Catherine. Université Lille 1; Francia
Author affiliation: Hubert, Benoit L.M.. Université Catholique de Lille; Francia
Repository: CONICET Digital (CONICET). Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas