Publication Date: 2013.
Context. Theories on the origin of magnetic fields in massive stars remain poorly developed, because the properties of their magnetic field as function of stellar parameters could not yet be investigated. Additional observations are of utmost importance to constrain the conditions that are conducive to magnetic fields and to determine first trends about their occurrence rate and field strength distribution. Aims: To investigate whether magnetic fields in massive stars are ubiquitous or appear only in stars with a specific spectral classification, certain ages, or in a special environment, we acquired 67 new spectropolarimetric observations for 30 massive stars. Among the observed sample, roughly one third of the stars are probable members of clusters at different ages, whereas the remaining stars are field stars not known to belong to any cluster or association. Methods: Spectropolarimetric observations were obtained during four different nights using the low-resolution spectropolarimetric mode of FOcal Reducer low dispersion Spectrograph (FORS 2) mounted on the 8-m Antu telescope of the VLT. Furthermore, we present a number of follow-up observations carried out with the high-resolution spectropolarimeters SOFIN mounted at the Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT) and HARPS mounted at the ESO 3.6 m between 2008 and 2011. To assess the membership in open clusters and associations, we used astrometric catalogues with the highest quality kinematic and photometric data currently available. Results: The presence of a magnetic field is confirmed in nine stars previously observed with FORS 1/2: HD 36879, HD 47839, CPD-28 2561, CPD-47 2963, HD 93843, HD 148937, HD 149757, HD 328856, and HD 164794. New magnetic field detections at a significance level of at least 3σ were achieved in five stars: HD 92206c, HD 93521, HD 93632, CPD-46 8221, and HD 157857. Among the stars with a detected magnetic field, five stars belong to open clusters with high membership probability. According to previous kinematic studies, five magneticm O-type stars in our sample are candidate runaway stars.
Author affiliation: Hubrig, S.. Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP); Germany;
Author affiliation: Schöller, M.. European Southern Observatory; Germany;
Author affiliation: Ilyin, I.. Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP); Germany;
Author affiliation: Kharchenko, N. V.. Main Astronomical Observatory; Ukraine;
Author affiliation: Oskinova, L. M.. Universität Potsdam. Institut für Physik und Astronomie; Germany;
Author affiliation: Langer, N.. Argelander-Institut für Astronomie. Universität Bonn; Germany;
Author affiliation: Gonzalez, Jorge Federico. Instituto de Ciencias Astronómicas, de la Tierra, y del Espacio; Argentina;
Author affiliation: Kholtygin, A. F.. Astronomical Institute. Saint-Petersburg State University; Russia;
Author affiliation: Briquet, M.. Institut d’Astrophysique et de Géophysique. Université de Liège; Belgium;
Author affiliation: Magori Collaboration.
Repository: CONICET Digital (CONICET). Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas