Formulation and in-vitro efficacy of antifungal mucoadhesive polymeric matrices for the delivery of miconazole nitrate

Authors
Tejada Jacob, Guillermo Ivan; Piccirilli, Gisela Noemi; Sortino, Maximiliano Andrés; Salomon, Claudio Javier; Lamas, Maria Celina; Leonardi, Darío
Publication Year
2017
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Oral candidiasis is the most common opportunistic infection affecting patients with the human immunodeficiency virus. Miconazole buccal tablets or miconazole gel are approved for the treatment of oropharyngeal candidiasis. However, buccal films present more flexibility and also offer protection for the wounded mucosa, reducing pain. Due to their small size and thickness, buccal films may improve patients' compliance, compared to tablets. Additionally, they may increase the relatively short residence time on the mucosa of oral gels, which are easily removed by saliva. Polymeric films loaded with miconazole nitrate were prepared by a casting/solvent evaporation methodology using chitosan, carbopol, gelatin, gum arabic, and alginate to form the polymeric matrices. The morphology of films was investigated by scanning electron microscopy; interactions between polymers were analyzed by infrared spectroscopy and drug crystallinity by differential thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction. Films were characterized in terms of thickness, folding endurance, tensile properties, swelling, adhesiveness, and drug release. Finally, the antifungal activity against cultures of the five most important fungal opportunistic pathogens belonging to Candida genus was investigated. The more appropriate formulations were those based on chitosan-gelatin and chitosan-carbopol which showed good mechanical properties and adhesiveness, a relative low swelling index, improved drug release, and showed better in vitro activity against Candida cultures than miconazole nitrate raw material. Thus, it will be possible to produce a new pharmaceutical form based on polymeric films containing chitosan and miconazole nitrate, which could be loaded with low drug concentration producing the same therapeutic effect against Candida cultures.
Fil: Tejada Jacob, Guillermo Ivan. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Rosario. Instituto de Química Rosario. Universidad Nacional de Rosario. Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas. Instituto de Química Rosario; Argentina
Fil: Piccirilli, Gisela Noemi. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Rosario. Instituto de Química Rosario. Universidad Nacional de Rosario. Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas. Instituto de Química Rosario; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de Rosario. Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas; Argentina
Fil: Sortino, Maximiliano Andrés. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de Rosario. Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas. Departamento de Química Orgánica. Área Farmacognosia; Argentina
Fil: Salomon, Claudio Javier. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Rosario. Instituto de Química Rosario. Universidad Nacional de Rosario. Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas. Instituto de Química Rosario; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de Rosario. Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmaceuticas. Departamento de Farmacia; Argentina
Fil: Lamas, Maria Celina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Rosario. Instituto de Química Rosario. Universidad Nacional de Rosario. Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas. Instituto de Química Rosario; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de Rosario. Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmaceuticas. Departamento de Farmacia; Argentina
Fil: Leonardi, Darío. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Rosario. Instituto de Química Rosario. Universidad Nacional de Rosario. Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas. Instituto de Química Rosario; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de Rosario. Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmaceuticas. Departamento de Farmacia; Argentina
Subject
FILMS
ORAL CANDIDIASIS
MICONAZOLE NITRATE
Otras Ciencias Químicas
Ciencias Químicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
Condiciones de uso
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/50291