Paleobiogeography of the Danian molluscan assemblages of Patagonia (Argentina)

Authors
del Rio, Claudia Julia; Martinez, Sergio Agustín
Publication Year
2015
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
A detailed quantitative analysis of bivalves and gastropods reported from Danian marine rocks of Patagonia (Argentina) allowed the identification of three molluscan biogeographic units that, from north to south, are identified as the Rocaguelian, Salamancan, and Dorotean Bioprovinces. Molluscan assemblages comprise Cosmopolitan, Paleoaustral, Gulf Coastal Plain and Endemic genera, which collectively give this fauna a distinctive signature, preventing them to be considered as related to any other assemblages recorded in the high latitudes of the Southern Hemisphere. Results obtained through the present research support the idea that the Weddellian Province did not extend to Patagonia during Danian times, proving that the geographic isolation of this region during that interval was enough to allow the development of separate biogeographic units from other austral regions. Moreover, it is demonstrated that, although significant even in northern Patagonia, Paleoaustral taxa were not dominant elements of Danian faunas. Composition of the molluscan faunas reflects the presence of warm-temperate waters in the region, and records a latitudinal temperature trend with slightly higher values in northern Patagonia than in the south. In addition, a discussion of the age of the Paleocene faunas has been incorporated. The assemblages contained in the Dorotea formation (Austral Basin), Lefipán and Roca formations (Cañadón Asfalto Basin), and Salamanca formation (Cañadón Asfalto and Golfo San Jorge basins) have been placed in the early Danian, based on the correlation with the accurately dated molluscan faunas of the Roca formation exposed in the Neuquina–Colorado Basin, and that of the Sobral and López de Bertodano formations (Antarctica).
Fil: del Rio, Claudia Julia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia"; Argentina
Fil: Martinez, Sergio Agustín. Universidad de la República. Facultad de Ciencias; Uruguay
Subject
DANIAN
BIOPROVINCES
MOLLUSCS
PATAGONIA
ARGENTINA
PALEOBIOGEOGRAPHY
Paleontología
Ciencias de la Tierra y relacionadas con el Medio Ambiente
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/19077