Science Teacher Education in South America: The Case of Argentina, Colombia and Chile

Authors
Cofré, Hernán; González Weil, Corina; Vergara, Claudia; Santibáñez, David; Ahumada, Germán; Furman, Melina Gabriela; Podestá, María Eugenia; Camacho, Johanna; Gallego, Rómulo; Pérez, Royman
Publication Year
2015
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
In this review, the main characteristics of science teacher education in three countries in South America, namely Argentina, Chile and Colombia, are examined. Although reforms toward constructivist and inquiry-based teaching in science instruction have been made in each of the three reviewed countries, each country demonstrates limitations in the implementation of teacher education that aims at those objectives. None of these countries have rigorous selection criteria for candidates for science teacher education programs, although each has some type of certification or test requirement before entry into the public education system is permitted. The three countries have similar teacher training programs, with instruction programs lasting between 4 and 5 years; programs entail both disciplinary instruction and pedagogical instruction that starts in the first year. Data from the three countries show that a high percentage of instruction in the training programs is devoted to general pedagogy with less instruction time devoted to specific preparation for teaching science. Disciplinary instruction accounts for nearly 50 % of the instruction program among secondary teachers. Training in other subjects such as nature of science, history of science and scientific inquiry is poorly developed. In general, there are few opportunities for research on practicum, as these opportunities tend to occur at the end of the training program. The generation of instruction standards by governments as well as the increase in the number of scholars dedicated to the investigation of science education and the education of science teachers suggests that some of these shortcomings could be remedied in the future.
Fil: Cofré, Hernán. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso; Chile
Fil: González Weil, Corina. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso; Chile
Fil: Vergara, Claudia. Universidad Alberto Hurtado; Chile
Fil: Santibáñez, David. Universidad Católica Silva Henríquez; Chile
Fil: Ahumada, Germán. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso; Chile
Fil: Furman, Melina Gabriela. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad de San Andrés. Escuela de Educación; Argentina
Fil: Podestá, María Eugenia. Universidad de San Andrés. Escuela de Educación; Argentina
Fil: Camacho, Johanna. Universidad de Chile; Chile
Fil: Gallego, Rómulo. Universidad Pedagógica Nacional de Bogotá; Colombia
Fil: Pérez, Royman. Universidad Pedagógica Nacional; Colombia
Subject
PEDAGOGICAL CONTENT KNOWLEDGE
PRACTICUM
SCIENCE METHODS COURSES
SCIENCE TEACHER EDUCATION
SOUTH AMERICA
Otras Ciencias de la Educación
Ciencias de la Educación
CIENCIAS SOCIALES
Access level
Restricted access
Condiciones de uso
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/51276