Production and partial characterization of a bioemulsifier produced by a chromium-resistant actinobacteria

Authors
Colin, Veronica Leticia; Pereira, Claudia Elizabeth; Villegas, Liliana Beatriz; Amoroso, Maria Julia del R.; Abate, Carlos Mauricio
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Surface-active compounds such as synthetic emulsifiers have been used for several decades, both for the degradation of hydrocarbons and increasing desorption of soil-bound metals. However, due to their high toxicity, low degradability, and production costs unaffordable for use in larger ecosystems, synthetic emulsifiers have been gradually replaced by those derived from natural sources such as plants or microbes. In previous studies, the bacterium Streptomyces sp. MC1 has shown the ability to reduce and/or accumulate Cr(VI), a highly promising advance in the development of methods for environmental clean-up of sites contaminated with chromium. Here, new studies on the production of emulsifier from this strain are presented. The cultivation factors that have a significant influence on emulsifier biosynthesis, as well as the interactions among them, were studied by factorial design. Based upon optimization studies, maximum bioemulsifier production was detected in the culture medium having an initial pH of 8 with phosphate 2.0gL(-1) and Ca(+2) 1.0gL(-1) added, with an emulsification index about 3.5 times greater compared to the basal value. Interestingly, in the presence of 5.0gL(-1) Cr(VI), Streptomyces sp. MC1 retained about 65% of its emulsifier production ability. Partially purified emulsifier presented high thermo-stability and partial water solubility. These findings could have promising future prospects for the remediation of organic- and metal-contaminated sites.
Fil: Colin, Veronica Leticia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico - CONICET - Tucumán. Planta Piloto de Procesos Industriales Microbiológicos (i); Argentina
Fil: Pereira, Claudia Elizabeth. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico - CONICET - Tucumán. Planta Piloto de Procesos Industriales Microbiológicos (i); Argentina
Fil: Villegas, Liliana Beatriz. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico - CONICET - Tucumán. Planta Piloto de Procesos Industriales Microbiológicos (i); Argentina
Fil: Amoroso, Maria Julia del R.. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico - CONICET - Tucumán. Planta Piloto de Procesos Industriales Microbiológicos (i); Argentina
Fil: Abate, Carlos Mauricio. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico - CONICET - Tucumán. Planta Piloto de Procesos Industriales Microbiológicos (i); Argentina
Subject
BIOEMULSIFIERS
CHROMIUM
ACTINOBACTERIA
Bioremediación, Diagnóstico Biotecnológico en Gestión Medioambiental
Biotecnología del Medio Ambiente
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Access level
Restricted access
Condiciones de uso
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/1708