A synthesis of radial growth patterns preceding tree mortality

Authors
Cailleret, Maxime; Jansen, Steven; Robert, Elisabeth M. R.; Desoto, Lucía; Aakala, Tuomas; Antos, Joseph A.; Beikircher, Barbara; Bigler, Christof; Bugmann, Harald; Caccianiga, Marco; Cada, Vojtech; Camarero, Jesus J.; Cherubini, Paolo; Cochard, Hervé; Coyea, Marie R.; Cufar, Katarina; Das, Adrian J.; Davi, Hendrik; Delzon, Sylvain; Dorman, Michael; Gea Izquierdo, Guillermo; Gillner, Sten; Haavik, Laurel J.; Hartman, Henrik; Heres, Ana Maria; Hultine, Kevin R.; Janda, Pavel; Kane, Jeffrey M.; Kharuk, V. I.; Kitzberger, Thomas; Klein, Tamir; Kramer, Koen; Lens, Frederic; Levanic, Tom; Linares Calderon, Juan Carlos; Lloret, Francisco; Lobo Do Vale, Raquel; Lombardi, Fabio; Lopez Rodriguez, Rosana; Makinen, Harri; Mayr, Stefan; Mézáros, Ilona; Metsaranta, Juha M.; Minunno, Francesco; Oberhuber, Walter; Papadopoulos, Andreas; Peltoniemi, Mikko; Petritan, Any M.; Rohner, B.; Sangüesa Barreda, Gabriel; Sarris, Dimitrios; Smith, Jeremy M.; Stan, Amanda B.; Streck, Frank; Stojanovic, Dejan B.; Suarez, Maria Laura; Svoboda, Miroslav; Tognetti, Roberto; Torres Ruiz, José M.; Trotsiuk, Volodymyr; Villalba, Ricardo; Vodde, Floor; Westwood, Alana R.; Wyckoff, Peter H.; Zafirov, Nikolay; Martínez Vilalta, Jordi
Publication Year
2017
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Tree mortality is a key factor influencing forest functions and dynamics, but our understanding of the mechanisms leading to mortality and the associated changes in tree growth rates are still limited. We compiled a new pan-continental tree-ring width database from sites where both dead and living trees were sampled (2970 dead and 4224 living trees from 190 sites, including 36 species), and compared early and recent growth rates between trees that died and those that survived a given mortality event. We observed a decrease in radial growth before death in ca. 84% of the mortality events. The extent and duration of these reductions were highly variable (1–100 years in 96% of events) due to the complex interactions among study species and the source(s) of mortality. Strong and long-lasting declines were found for gymnosperms, shade- and drought-tolerant species, and trees that died from competition. Angiosperms and trees that died due to biotic attacks (especially bark-beetles) typically showed relatively small and short-term growth reductions. Our analysis did not highlight any universal trade-off between early growth and tree longevity within a species, although this result may also reflect high variability in sampling design among sites. The intersite and interspecific variability in growth patterns before mortality provides valuable information on the nature of the mortality process, which is consistent with our understanding of the physiological mechanisms leading to mortality. Abrupt changes in growth immediately before death can be associated with generalized hydraulic failure and/or bark-beetle attack, while long-term decrease in growth may be associated with a gradual decline in hydraulic performance coupled with depletion in carbon reserves. Our results imply that growth-based mortality algorithms may be a powerful tool for predicting gymnosperm mortality induced by chronic stress, but not necessarily so for angiosperms and in case of intense drought or bark-beetle outbreaks.
Fil: Cailleret, Maxime. Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems; Suiza
Fil: Jansen, Steven. Universitat Ulm; Alemania
Fil: Robert, Elisabeth M. R.. Vrije Unviversiteit Brussel; Bélgica
Fil: Desoto, Lucía. Universidad de Coimbra; Portugal
Fil: Aakala, Tuomas. University of Helsinski; Finlandia
Fil: Antos, Joseph A.. University of Victoria; Canadá
Fil: Beikircher, Barbara. Universidad de Innsbruck; Austria
Fil: Bigler, Christof. Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems; Suiza
Fil: Bugmann, Harald. Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems; Suiza
Fil: Caccianiga, Marco. Università degli Studi di Milano; Italia
Fil: Cada, Vojtech. University of Life Sciences; República Checa
Fil: Camarero, Jesus J.. Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología; España
Fil: Cherubini, Paolo. Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research; Suiza
Fil: Cochard, Hervé. Université Clermont Auvergne; Francia
Fil: Coyea, Marie R.. Laval University; Canadá
Fil: Cufar, Katarina. University of Ljubljana; Eslovenia
Fil: Das, Adrian J.. United States Geological Survey; Estados Unidos
Fil: Davi, Hendrik. Ecologie des Forest Méditerranéennes; Francia
Fil: Delzon, Sylvain. Centre de Recherche de Nantes. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique; Francia
Fil: Dorman, Michael. Ben Gurion University of the Negev; Israel
Fil: Gea Izquierdo, Guillermo. Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria; España
Fil: Gillner, Sten. Institute of Forest Botany and Forest Zoology; Alemania
Fil: Haavik, Laurel J.. University of Kansas; Estados Unidos
Fil: Hartman, Henrik. Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry; Alemania
Fil: Heres, Ana Maria. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas; España
Fil: Hultine, Kevin R.. Desert Botanical Garden. Department of Research, Conservation and Collections; Estados Unidos
Fil: Janda, Pavel. University of Life Sciences; República Checa
Fil: Kane, Jeffrey M.. Humboldt State University; Estados Unidos
Fil: Kharuk, V. I.. Sukachev Institute of Forest; Rusia
Fil: Kitzberger, Thomas. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Patagonia Norte. Instituto de Investigaciones en Biodiversidad y Medioambiente. Universidad Nacional del Comahue. Centro Regional Universidad Bariloche. Instituto de Investigaciones en Biodiversidad y Medioambiente; Argentina
Fil: Klein, Tamir. Agricultural Research Organization; Israel
Fil: Kramer, Koen. Wageningen University; Países Bajos
Fil: Lens, Frederic. Leiden University; Países Bajos
Fil: Levanic, Tom. Slovenian Forestry Institute; Eslovenia
Fil: Linares Calderon, Juan Carlos. Universidad Pablo de Olavide; España
Fil: Lloret, Francisco. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; España
Fil: Lobo Do Vale, Raquel. University of Lisbon; Portugal
Fil: Lombardi, Fabio. University of Reggio Calabria; Italia
Fil: Lopez Rodriguez, Rosana. University of Western Sydney; Australia
Fil: Makinen, Harri. Natural Resources Institute Finland; Finlandia
Fil: Mayr, Stefan. Universidad de Innsbruck; Austria
Fil: Mézáros, Ilona. University of Debrecen; Hungría
Fil: Metsaranta, Juha M.. Natural Resources Canada; Canadá
Fil: Minunno, Francesco. University of Helsinski; Finlandia
Fil: Oberhuber, Walter. Universidad de Innsbruck; Austria
Fil: Papadopoulos, Andreas. Technological Educational Institute of Stereas Elladas; Grecia
Fil: Peltoniemi, Mikko. Natural Resources Institute Finland; Finlandia
Fil: Petritan, Any M.. Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research; Suiza
Fil: Rohner, B.. Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems; Suiza
Fil: Sangüesa Barreda, Gabriel. Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología; España
Fil: Sarris, Dimitrios. University of Patras; Grecia
Fil: Smith, Jeremy M.. University of Colorado; Estados Unidos
Fil: Stan, Amanda B.. Arizona State University; Estados Unidos
Fil: Streck, Frank. Wageningen University; Países Bajos
Fil: Stojanovic, Dejan B.. University of Novi Sad; Serbia
Fil: Suarez, Maria Laura. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Patagonia Norte. Instituto de Investigaciones en Biodiversidad y Medioambiente. Universidad Nacional del Comahue. Centro Regional Universidad Bariloche. Instituto de Investigaciones en Biodiversidad y Medioambiente; Argentina
Fil: Svoboda, Miroslav. University of Life Sciences; República Checa
Fil: Tognetti, Roberto. Università del Molise; Italia
Fil: Torres Ruiz, José M.. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique; Francia
Fil: Trotsiuk, Volodymyr. University of Life Sciences; República Checa
Fil: Villalba, Ricardo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Mendoza. Instituto Argentino de Nivología, Glaciología y Ciencias Ambientales. Provincia de Mendoza. Instituto Argentino de Nivología, Glaciología y Ciencias Ambientales. Universidad Nacional de Cuyo. Instituto Argentino de Nivología, Glaciología y Ciencias Ambientales; Argentina
Fil: Vodde, Floor. University of Life Sciences; Estonia
Fil: Westwood, Alana R.. University of Alberta; Canadá
Fil: Wyckoff, Peter H.. University of Minnesota; Estados Unidos
Fil: Zafirov, Nikolay. University of Forestry; Bulgaria
Fil: Martínez Vilalta, Jordi. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; España
Subject
ANGIOSPERMS
DEATH
DROUGHT
GROWTH
GYMNOSPERMS
PATHOGENS
RING-WIDTH
TREE MORTALITY
Otras Ciencias Biológicas
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
Condiciones de uso
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/79795