Microsatellite isolation and marker development in carrot - genomic distribution, linkage mapping, genetic diversity analysis and marker transferability across Apiaceae

Authors
Cavagnaro, Pablo Federico; Chung, Sang Min; Manin, Sylvie; Yildiz, Mehtap; Ali, Aamir; Alessandro, María Soledad; Iorizzo, Massimo; Senalik, Douglas A.; Simon, Philipp W.
Publication Year
2011
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Background: The Apiaceae family includes several vegetable and spice crop species among which carrot is the most economically important member, with ~21 million tons produced yearly worldwide. Despite its importance, molecular resources in this species are relatively underdeveloped. The availability of informative, polymorphic, and robust PCR-based markers, such as microsatellites (or SSRs), will facilitate genetics and breeding of carrot and other Apiaceae, including integration of linkage maps, tagging of phenotypic traits and assisting positional gene cloning. Thus, with the purpose of isolating carrot microsatellites, two different strategies were used; a hybridization-based library enrichment for SSRs, and bioinformatic mining of SSRs in BAC-end sequence and EST sequence databases. This work reports on the development of 300 carrot SSR markers and their characterization at various levels. Results: Evaluation of microsatellites isolated from both DNA sources in subsets of 7 carrot F2 mapping populations revealed that SSRs from the hybridization-based method were longer, had more repeat units and were more polymorphic than SSRs isolated by sequence search. Overall, 196 SSRs (65.1%) were polymorphic in at least one mapping population, and the percentage of polymophic SSRs across F2 populations ranged from 17.8 to 24.7. Polymorphic markers in one family were evaluated in the entire F2, allowing the genetic mapping of 55 SSRs (38 codominant) onto the carrot reference map. The SSR loci were distributed throughout all 9 carrot linkage groups (LGs), with 2 to 9 SSRs/LG. In addition, SSR evaluations in carrot-related taxa indicated that a significant fraction of the carrot SSRs transfer successfully across Apiaceae, with heterologous amplification success rate decreasing with the target-species evolutionary distance from carrot. SSR diversity evaluated in a collection of 65 D. carota accessions revealed a high level of polymorphism for these selected loci, with an average of 19 alleles/locus and 0.84 expected heterozygosity. Conclusions: The addition of 55 SSRs to the carrot map, together with marker characterizations in six other mapping populations, will facilitate future comparative mapping studies and integration of carrot maps. The markers developed herein will be a valuable resource for assisting breeding, genetic, diversity, and genomic studies of carrot and other Apiaceae
Fil: Cavagnaro, Pablo Federico. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro Regional Cuyo Mendoza-san Juan. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria la Consulta; Argentina. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Department. of Horticulture; Estados Unidos. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Mendoza; Argentina
Fil: Chung, Sang Min. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Department. of Horticulture; Estados Unidos. Dongguk University. Department of Life Science; Estados Unidos
Fil: Manin, Sylvie. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Department. of Horticulture; Estados Unidos. Yuzuncu Yil University. Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture; Turquía
Fil: Yildiz, Mehtap. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Department. of Horticulture; Estados Unidos. Yuzuncu Yil University. Faculty of Agriculture. Department. of Horticulture; Corea del Sur
Fil: Ali, Aamir. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Department. of Horticulture; Estados Unidos. University of Sargodha. Department of Biological Sciences; Pakistán
Fil: Alessandro, María Soledad. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Department. of Horticulture; Estados Unidos. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro Regional Mendoza-san Juan. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria la Consulta; Argentina
Fil: Iorizzo, Massimo. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Department. of Horticulture; Estados Unidos
Fil: Senalik, Douglas A.. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Department. of Horticulture; Estados Unidos. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Department of Horticulture. USDA-ARS. Vegetable Crops Unit; Estados Unidos
Fil: Simon, Philipp W.. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Department. of Horticulture; Estados Unidos. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Department of Horticulture. USDA-ARS. Vegetable Crops Unit; Estados Unidos
Subject
CARROT
MICROSATELLITES
GENETIC MAP
Biotecnología Agrícola y Biotecnología Alimentaria
Biotecnología Agropecuaria
CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS
Access level
Open access
Condiciones de uso
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/20450