Publication Date: 2015.
A temporal observational study was conducted of the Culicidae fauna in a remnant area of Atlantic Forest within a private reserve (Guapiaçu Ecological Reserve-REGUA) presenting typical vegetation cover of dense rain forest, with some patches recovering a floristic composition similar to that of the original community. Research was carried out to analyze the influence of climatic factors (mean monthly temperature, rainfall, and air relative humidity) on the temporal dynamics of the mosquito communities that occur in the reserve. The completeness of the mosquito inventory was assessed with individual-based rarefaction-extrapolation curves. Differences in species composition between sites and months were tested with PERMANOVA. True diversities of orders 0, 1, and 2 (effective numbers) were estimated and compared between sites, months, and years. Multiple stepwise regressions were used to assess relationships between climatic variables, measures of diversity, and abundances of the most common species. There were significant interactive effects between year and site on measures of diversity. However, diversity estimates showed little variation among months, and these were weakly correlated with climatic variables. Abundances of the most common species were significantly related to temperature or relative humidity, but not rainfall. The presence of mosquito species known to be vectors of human diseases combined with an intermittent flow of visitors to the study area suggests there is a risk of disease transmission that warrants further monitoring.
Author affiliation: Alencar; Jeronimo. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz; Brasil
Author affiliation: de Mello, Cecilia Ferreira. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz; Brasil
Author affiliation: Guimarães, Anthony Erico. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz; Brasil
Author affiliation: Gil Santana, Helcio R.. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz; Brasil
Author affiliation: dos Santos Silva, Julia. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz; Brasil
Author affiliation: Santos Mallet, Jacenir R.. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz; Brasil
Author affiliation: Gleiser, Raquel M.. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de Cordoba. Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias. Centro de Relevamiento y Evaluación; Argentina
Repository: CONICET Digital (CONICET). Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas