Publication Date: 2011.
Zinc (Zn) deficiency during early development can result in multiple brain abnormalities and altered neuronal functions. In rats, a gestational deficit of Zn can affect the fetal brain cytoskeleton, and signaling cascades involved in cellular processes that are central to brain development. In the current paper, we tested the hypothesis that oxidative stress is involved in Zn deficiency-induced altered tubulin dynamics and the associated dysregulation of transcription factor NF-êB.For this purpose, we used two cell culture models (rat cortical neurons, human IMR-32 neuroblastoma cells) and an animal model of Zn deficiency. A low rate of in vitro tubulin polymerization, an increase in tubulin oligomers and a higher protein cysteine oxidation were observed in the Zn deficient neuronal cells, and in gestation day 19 fetal brains obtained from dams fed marginal Zn diets throughout pregnancy. These alterations could be prevented by treating the Zn deficient cells with the reducing agen tris (2-carboxyethyl)phosphine, or the presence of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) and á-lipoic acid (LA) Consistent with the above, Zn deficiency-induced tubulin-mediated alterations in transcription factor NF-êB nuclear translocation were prevented by treating IMR-32 cells with LA and NAC. Binding of the NF-êB protein p50, dynein and karyopherin alpha (components of the NF-êB transport complex) to â-tubulin as well as the expression of NF-êB dependent genes (bcl-2, cyclin D1 and c-myc) were also restored by the addition of LA and NAC to Zn deficient cells. In conclusion, a deficit in Zn viability could affect early brain development through: 1) an induction of oxidative stress; 2) tubulin oxidation; 3) altered tubulin dynamics, and 4) deregulation of signals (e.q. NF-êB) involved in critical developmental events.
Author affiliation: Mackenzie, Gerardo G.. University Of California At Davis; Estados Unidos
Author affiliation: Salvador, Gabriela Alejandra. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Bahia Blanca. Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas Bahia Blanca (i); Argentina. Universidad Nacional del Sur; Argentina
Author affiliation: Romero, Carolina. University Of California At Davis; Estados Unidos
Author affiliation: Keen, Carl L.. University Of California At Davis; Estados Unidos
Author affiliation: Oteiza, Patricia Isabel. University Of California At Davis; Estados Unidos
Repository: CONICET Digital (CONICET). Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas