Publication Date: 2010.
We have developed a new three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) solar wind model coupled to the Space Weather Modeling Framework (SWMF), that solves for the different electron and proton temperatures. The collisions between the electrons and protons are taken into account as well as the anisotropic thermal heat conduction of the electrons. The solar wind is assumed to be accelerated by the Alfv en waves. In this paper, we do not consider the heating of closed magnetic loops and helmet streamers, but do address the heating of the protons by the Kolmogorov dissipation of the Alfv n waves in open field line regions. The inner boundary conditions for this solar wind model are obtained from observations and an empirical model. The Wang-Sheeley-Arge model is used to determine the Alfv n wave energy density at the inner boundary. The electron density and temperature at the inner boundary are obtained from the differential emission measure tomography applied to the extreme ultraviolet images of the STEREO A and B spacecraft. This new solar wind model is validated for solar minimum Carrington rotation 2077 (November 20 through December 17, 2008). Due to the very low activity during this rotation, this time period is suitable for comparing the simulated Corotating Interaction Regions (CIRs) with in-situ ACE/WIND data. Although we do not capture all magnetohydrodynamic variables perfectly, we do find that the time of occurance and the density of CIRs are better predicted than by our previous semi-empirical wind model in the SWMF that was based on a spatially reduced adiabatic index to account for the plasma heating.
Author affiliation: van der Holst, B.. University of Michigan; Estados Unidos
Author affiliation: Manchester IV, W. B.. University of Michigan; Estados Unidos
Author affiliation: Frazin, R. A.. University of Michigan; Estados Unidos
Author affiliation: Vasquez, Alberto Marcos. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciónes Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio. - Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio; Argentina
Author affiliation: Tóth, G.. University of Michigan; Estados Unidos
Author affiliation: Gombosi, T. I.. University of Michigan; Estados Unidos
Repository: CONICET Digital (CONICET). Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas