Authors: Williams, Veronica Isabel; Santoro Vargas, Calogero Mauricio; Speakman, Robert J.; Glascock, Michael; Romero Guevara, Álvaro Luis; Valenzuela, Daniela; Standen, Vivien G.; D'Altroy, Terence N.
Publication Date: 2016.
This paper presents the results of bulk chemical compositional analyses of ceramic pastes through Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA), which is the most precise method available for this kind of research. The analyses were carried out on 94 fragments of pottery from several archaeological sites in northern Chile?s Atacama Desert (Fig 1, Table A.1). We aimed to examine the possible origins of pottery vessels distinguished by Inka and local styles within the process of the Inka State expansion into the territories south of Cusco, known as Collasuyu.On the basis of these analyses, we discuss the idea that the State introduced to the zone pottery with Inka iconographic styles from the Lake Titicaca region (more than 500 km away). But, more important, the State seems to have encouraged the replication of State pottery standards by local artisans, who consciously or unconsciously maintained certain traditional procedures. This means that skilled local artisans imitated Inka iconographic style but using paste of local origin. These results show the importance of archaeometric analysis of high-prestige fine Inka and local pottery as it sheds light on how the State managed their political strategies, their impact on the prehistoric polities of northern Chile (NCh).
Author affiliation: Williams, Veronica Isabel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Saavedra 15. Instituto de Las Culturas. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Las Culturas; Argentina
Author affiliation: Santoro Vargas, Calogero Mauricio. Universidad de Tarapacá; Chile
Author affiliation: Speakman, Robert J.. University of Georgia; Estados Unidos
Author affiliation: Glascock, Michael. University of Missouri; Estados Unidos
Author affiliation: Romero Guevara, Álvaro Luis. Consejo de Monumentos Nacionales; Chile
Author affiliation: Valenzuela, Daniela. Universidad Alberto Hurtado; Chile
Author affiliation: Standen, Vivien G.. Universidad de Tarapacá; Chile
Author affiliation: D'Altroy, Terence N.. Columbia University; Estados Unidos
Repository: CONICET Digital (CONICET). Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas