Publication Date: 2015.
Cynoscion guatucupa is one of the most important coastal fishery resources of Argentina and Uruguay, with both juveniles and adults being recorded in Mar Chiquita coastal lagoon, a shallow-water estuarine lagoon in Argentina. Cynoscion guatucupa enters and exits the lagoon following tidal cycles, with residence time within the lagoon lasting only for the duration of a tidal cycle. The main objectives of this study were to determine the diet composition of Cynoscion guatucupa captured in the lagoon, and to determine if different size-classes of this species differentially utilize available food resources during their residency within the coastal lagoon. The diet of 511 specimens of C. guatucupa was analysed. The most important prey item in %IRI was Peisos petrunkevitchi, followed by juvenile teleosts including those of Micropogonias furnieri, Odontesthes argentinensis and Mugil platanus. Cynoscion guatucupa enters the lagoon to feed on a variety of invertebrates as well as juvenile teleost fishes. Diet composition showed ontogenetic changes: smaller individuals predominantly consume crustaceans, and as size increases they begin to prey more on teleosts, with the largest fishes specializing on fish. The present study reinforces the role of estuaries for marine fishes as both feeding grounds for juveniles and adults and as refuge areas for juveniles. Furthermore, this study also highlights the importance of food habit studies for understanding the trophic ecology of fishes and estuarine food web dynamics.
Author affiliation: Blasina, Gabriela Elizabeth. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad Nacional del Sur; Argentina
Author affiliation: Lopez Cazorla, Andrea Cecilia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Instituto Argentino de Oceanografía. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Instituto Argentino de Oceanografía; Argentina
Author affiliation: Díaz de Astarloa, Juan Martín. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Mar del Plata. Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras. Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata. Facultad de Ciencia Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras; Argentina
Repository: CONICET Digital (CONICET). Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas