Publication Date: 2014.
An epidemiologic approach for the understanding of the public health relevance of Strongyloides stercoralis is currently much needed, due to the renewed interest in the control of soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH). Despite this fact, the biologic difference of S. stercoralis compared to the other STH in terms of life cycle, diagnostic approach and therapeutic options leaves this nematode under uncertainties that hamper the development of control strategies. However, evidence regarding distribution and prevalence allows for the identification of its global distribution, with lack of adequate water and sanitation supplies as the most significant risk factors. The clinical aspects of this infection in immunocompromised populations also highlight its potentially severe morbidity in groups that are at higher risk for complications during infection. The availability of more accurate diagnostic tools appears as a key element for the performance of more reliable surveys, case control studies and even monitoring for the emergence of drug resistance.
Author affiliation: Cimino, Rubén Oscar. Universidad Nacional de Salta; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de Salta. Sede Regional Orán. Instituto de Investigación de Enfermedades Tropicales; Argentina
Author affiliation: Krolewiecki, Alejandro Javier. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Salta. Instituto de Patología Experimental. Universidad Nacional de Salta. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Instituto de Patología Experimental; Argentina
Repository: CONICET Digital (CONICET). Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas