Publication Date: 2018.
The landscape of the semiarid Pampa in central Argentina is characterized by late Pleistocene aeolian deposits, covering large plains with sporadic dune structures. Since the current land use changed from extensive livestock production within the Caldenal forest ecosystem to arable land, the wind erosion risk increased distinctly. We measured wind erosion and deposition patterns at the plot scale and investigated the spatial variability of the erosion processes. The wind-induced mass-transport was measured with 18 Modified Wilson and Cooke samplers (MWAC), installed on a 1.44 ha large field in a 20 × 40 m grid. Physical and chemical soil properties from the upper soil as well as a digital elevation model were recorded in a 20 × 20 m grid. In a 5-month measuring campaign data from seven storms with three different wind directions was obtained. Results show very heterogeneous patterns of erosion and deposition for each storm and indicate favoured erosion on windward and deposits on leeward terrain positions. Furthermore, a multiple regression model was build, explaining up to 70% of the spatial variance of erosion by just using four predictors: topsoil thickness, relative elevation, soil organic carbon content and slope direction. Our findings suggest a structure-process-structure complex where the landscape structure determines the effects of recent wind erosion processes which again slowly influence the structure, leading to a gradual increase of soil heterogeneity.
Author affiliation: Siegmund, Nicole. Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research; Alemania. University of Potsdam. Institute of Earth and Environmental Science; Alemania
Author affiliation: Funk, Roger. Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research; Alemania
Author affiliation: Koszinsky, Sylvia. Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research; Alemania
Author affiliation: Buschiazzo, Daniel Eduardo. INTA. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Anguil; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra y Ambientales de La Pampa. Universidad Nacional de La Pampa. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra y Ambientales de La Pampa; Argentina
Author affiliation: Sommer, Michael. Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research; Alemania. University of Potsdam. Institute of Earth and Environmental Science; Alemania
Repository: INTA Digital (INTA). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria