Publication Date: 2015.
A b-coloring of a graph is a proper coloring such that every color class contains a vertex that is adjacent to all other color classes. The b-chromatic number of a graph G, denoted by χb(G), is the maximum number t such that G admits a b-coloring with t colors. A graph G is called b-continuous if it admits a b-coloring with t colors, for every t = χ (G), . . . , χb(G), and b-monotonic if χb(H1) ≥ χb(H2) for every induced subgraph H1 of G, and every induced subgraph H2 of H1. We investigate the b-chromatic number of graphs with stability number two. These are exactly the complements of triangle-free graphs, thus including all complements of bipartite graphs. The main results of this work are the following: (1) We characterize the b-colorings of a graph with stability number two in terms of matchings with no augmenting paths of length one or three. We derive that graphs with stability number two are b-continuous and b-monotonic. (2) We prove that it is NP-complete to decide whether the b-chromatic number of co-bipartite graph is at least a given threshold. (3) We describe a polynomial time dynamic programming algorithm to compute the b-chromatic number of co-trees. (4) Extending several previous results, we show that there is a polynomial time dynamic programming algorithm for computing the b-chromatic number of tree-cographs. Moreover, we show that tree-cographs are b-continuous and b-monotonic.
Author affiliation: Bonomo, Flavia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de Investigaciones Matemáticas "Luis A. Santaló". Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Investigaciones Matemáticas "Luis A. Santaló"; Argentina
Author affiliation: Schaudt, Oliver. Universite Pierre et Marie Curie; Francia
Author affiliation: Stein, Maya. Universidad de Chile; Chile
Author affiliation: Valencia Pabon, Mario. Universite de Paris 13-Nord; Francia
Repository: CONICET Digital (CONICET). Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas