Publication Date: 2013.
Jurassic freshwater fish faunas are still poorly known, with the only assemblage of that age known from southern South America being the Almada fauna of the Cañadón Calcáreo Formation (Oxfordian-Tithonian) of Chubut, Argentina. This fauna is composed mainly by abundant teleosts and a much rarer basal actinopterygian, originally described as Oligopleurus groeberi and currently usually placed in the genus Coccolepis. This taxon is here redescribed on the basis of the original specimens and more numerous and better preserved new material from several localities within the Cañadón Calcáreo Formation. The species shows several differences to other coccolepidid taxa, including the apomorphic presence of a sensory canal in the gular plate, and cannot be referred to a known genus. Thus, a new genus name, Condorlepis gen. nov., is proposed. The detailed anatomical description of Condorlepis gen. nov. groeberi provides further evidence for the chondrostean affinities of the Coccolepididae and their close relationships with the Acipenseriformes, since this species shows six characters that were hitherto considered to be autapomorphies of the latter clade. A comparison of the Almada fauna with other Gondwanan Jurassic freshwater fish faunas shows close similarities with the roughly contemporaneous fauna of Talbragar, Australia, which also includes an abundant basal teleost and coccolepidids. In contrast, there are marked differences with the faunas of the Early to Middle Jurassic Kota Formation of India, the Middle to Late Jurassic Stanleyville beds of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the probably Late Jurassic Tacuarembó Formation of Uruguay, in which basal, non-teleostean neopterygians and sarcopterygians are abundant.
Author affiliation: López Arbarello, Adriana. Bayerische Staatssammlung Fur Palaontologie Und Geologie; Alemania
Author affiliation: Sferco, Marta Emilia. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Cs.exactas y Naturales. Departamento de Geologia. Laboratorio de Paleontologia Evolutiva de Vertebrados; Argentina. Museo Paleontológico Egidio Feruglio; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Córdoba. Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Tierra; Argentina
Author affiliation: Rauhut, Oliver Walter Mischa. Bayerische Staatssammlung Fur Palaontologie Und Geologie; Alemania. Museo Paleontológico Egidio Feruglio; Argentina
Repository: CONICET Digital (CONICET). Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas