**Abstract:**

In a previous paper [R. González, L. G. Sarasua, and A. Costa, "Kelvin waves with helical Beltrami flow structure," Phys. Fluids20, 024106 (2008)] we analyzed the formation of Kelvin waves with a Beltrami flow structure in an ideal fluid. Here, taking into account the results of this paper, the topological analogy between the role of the magnetic field in Woltjer's theorem [L. Woltjer, "A theorem on force-free magnetic fields," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.44, 489 (1958)] and the role of the vorticity in the equivalent theorem is revisited. Via this analogy we identify the force-free equilibrium of the magnetohydrodynamics with the Beltrami flow equilibrium of the hydrodynamic. The stability of the last one is studied applying Arnold's theorem. We analyze the role of the enstrophy in the determination of the equilibrium and its stability. We show examples where the Beltrami flow equilibrium is stable under perturbations of the Beltrami flow type with the same eigenvalue as the basic flow one. The enstrophy variation results invariant with respect to a uniform rotating and translational frame and the stability is conserved when the flow experiences a transition from a Beltrami axisymmetric flow to a helical one of the same eigenvalue. These results are discussed in comparison with that given by Moffatt in 1986 [H. K. Moffatt, "Magnetostatic equilibria and analogous Euler flows of arbitrarily complex topology. Part 2. Stability considerations," J. Fluid Mech.166, 359 (1986)]. © 2010 American Institute of Physics.

**Author affiliation**: González, R. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales; Argentina.

**Author affiliation**: Santini, E.S. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales; Argentina.