Publication Date: 2016.
Data abundance poses the need for powerful and easy-to-use tools that support processing large amounts of data. MapReduce has been increasingly adopted for over a decade by many companies, and more recently, it has attracted the attention of an increasing number of researchers in several areas. One main advantage is that the complex details of parallel processing, such as complex network programming, task scheduling, data placement, and fault tolerance, are hidden in a conceptually simple framework. MapReduce is supported by mature software technologies for deployment in data centers such as Hadoop. As MapReduce becomes popular for high-performance applications, many questions arise concerning its performance and efficiency. In this paper, we demonstrated formally lower bounds on the isoefficiency function for MapReduce applications, when these applications can be modeled as BSP jobs. We also demonstrate how communication and synchronization costs can be dominant for MapReduce computations and discuss the conditions under which such scalability limits are valid. To our knowledge, this is the first study that demonstrates scalability bounds for MapReduce applications. We also discuss how some MapReduce implementations such as Hadoop can mitigate such costs to approach linear, or near-to-linear speedups.
Author affiliation: Senger, Hermes. Universidade Federal do São Carlos; Brasil
Author affiliation: Gil Costa, Graciela Verónica. Universidad Nacional de San Luis; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Author affiliation: Arantes, Luciana. Universite Pierre et Marie Curie; Francia
Author affiliation: Marcondes, Cesar A. C.. Universidade Federal do São Carlos; Brasil
Author affiliation: Marin, Mauricio. Universidad de Santiago de Chile; Chile
Author affiliation: Sato, Liria M.. Universidade de Sao Paulo; Brasil
Author affiliation: Da Silva, Fabrício A.B.. Fundación Oswaldo Cruz; Brasil
Repository: CONICET Digital (CONICET). Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas