Publication Date: 2015.
Nymphaeaceae occupies an important phylogenetic position because of their placement as one of the basal angiosperms. From this perspective, morphological studies in the family are of great value to understanding plant phylogeny and evolution. Ovule development and female gametophyte in Nymphaea amazonum, N. gardneriana (subgenus Hydrocallis) and in Victoria cruziana were analyzed in order to provide further progress in characters of potential evolutionary interest. The ovules of all species are anatropous, bitegmic, distomic, weakly crasinucellate, and present an epistase. The female gametophyte is four-celled and corresponds to the Schisandra type, distinctive of the Nymphaeales. Comparisons among ovules of the subgenera of Nymphaea and others allied genera show differences with respect to micropyle conformation, thickness of nucellus and outer integument, and its degree of development on the raphal side. The studied species of Nymphaea share an annular outer integument and linear triad of megaspores. These results fill gaps in the current incomplete knowledge of character states especially within Nymphaea. In subgenus Hydrocallis, the ovules have an outer integument not markedly cup-shaped in contrast to subgenus Nymphaea, since the micropyle is closer to the funiculus as in Nuphar. The present observations suggest that the ovule morphology has diversified in Nymphaea and the characters studied clearly show no evidences to support the hypothesis of a monophyletic genus.
Author affiliation: Zini, Lucia Melisa. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Nordeste. Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste (i); Argentina
Author affiliation: Galati, Beatriz Gloria. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomia; Argentina
Author affiliation: Ferrucci, Maria Silvia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Nordeste. Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste (i); Argentina
Repository: CONICET Digital (CONICET). Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas