Publication Date: 2006.
Objective: Riboflavin deficiency is common in many parts of the world, particularly in developing countries. The use of riboflavin-producing strains in the production of dairy products such as fermented milk, yogurt, and cheese is feasible and economically attractive because it would decrease the costs involved during conventional vitamin fortification and satisfy consumer demands for healthier foods. The present study in a rat bioassay assessed the response of administration of yogurt containing a riboflavin-producing strain of Propionibacterium freudenreichii on the riboflavin status of deficient rats. Methods: Propionibacterium freudenreichii NIZO B2336 is a spontaneous roseoflavin-resistant mutant derived from P. freudenreichii B374 that produces larger amounts of riboflavin than the parental stain. Rats were fed a riboflavin-deficient diet for 21 d (depletion period), after which this same diet was supplemented with conventional yogurt, yogurt containing the riboflavin-producing strain (B2336), or the parental non-producing strain (B374) and fed to animals for 28 d (repletion period). As controls, rats were fed the same diet with different concentrations of commercial riboflavin. Results: The novel fermented product containing P. freudenreichii B2336, with increased levels of riboflavin, eliminated most physiologic manifestations of ariboflavinosis such as stunted growth, high erythrocyte glutathione reductase activation coefficient values, and hepatomegaly that were observed when using a riboflavin depletion-repletion model, whereas the product fermented with the non-riboflavin-producing strain did not show this beneficial effect. Conclusions: Consumption of such products with increased levels of riboflavin on a regular basis may help prevent deficiencies of this essential vitamin.
Author affiliation: Leblanc, Jean Guy Joseph. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Tucuman. Centro de Referencia Para Lactobacilos; Argentina
Author affiliation: Rutten, Ger. NIZO Food Research; Países Bajos
Author affiliation: Bruinenberg, Paul. Campina Innovation; Países Bajos
Author affiliation: Sesma, Fernando Juan Manuel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Tucuman. Centro de Referencia Para Lactobacilos; Argentina
Author affiliation: Savoy, Graciela. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Tucuman. Centro de Referencia Para Lactobacilos; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de Tucumán. Facultad de Bioquímica, Química y Farmacia. Instituto de Microbiología; Argentina
Author affiliation: Smid, Eddy J.. NIZO Food Research; Países Bajos
Repository: CONICET Digital (CONICET). Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas