Publication Date: 2016.
Pantanal is a huge floodplain mostly in Brazil, and its main economic activity is extensive cattle raising, in farms characterized by an extremely wildlife-rich environment. We herein describe tick infestations of cattle and of the natural environment in Pantanal of Nhecolândia in Brazil, at areas with and without cattle during both dry and wet seasons. Environmental sampling resulted in three tick species: Amblyomma sculptum (423 nymphs and 518 adults), Amblyomma parvum (7 nymphs and 129 adults), Amblyomma ovale (3 adults) as well as three clusters and two individuals of Amblyomma sp. larvae. A significantly higher number of adult A. sculptum ticks was found in areas with cattle in the wet season. From 106 examinations of bovines 1710 ticks from three species were collected: Rhipicephalus microplus (55.7 % of the total), A. sculptum (38 %) and A. parvum (4.1 %), as well as 32 Amblyomma sp. larvae. A significant similarity was found between Amblyomma tick fauna from environment and on cattle during both seasons. All A. sculptum females on bovines were flat whereas many of A. parvum females and A. sculptum nymphs were engorging. Although R. microplus was the most abundant tick species on cattle, overall highest tick prevalence on bovines in the dry season was of A. sculptum nymphs. Lack of R. microplus in environmental sampling, relationship between cattle and increase in adult A. sculptum numbers in the environment as well as suitability of bovine for the various tick species are discussed.
Author affiliation: Ramos, Vanessa N. Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia. Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal. Programa de Pós-doutorado,; Brasil
Author affiliation: Piovezan, Ubiratan. Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa Pantanal; Brasil
Author affiliation: Franco, Ana Helena A. Prefeitura Municipal de Uberlândia; Brasil
Author affiliation: Rodrigues, Vinicius S. Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso do Sul. Programa de Pós-graduação em Doenças Infecciosas e Parasitárias; Brasil
Author affiliation: Nava, Santiago. INTA. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Rafaela; Argentina
Author affiliation: Szabó, Matías P.J. Universidade Federal de Uberlandia. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria. Laboratório de Ixodologia; Brasil
Repository: INTA Digital (INTA). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria