A survey on tomato leaf grey spot in the two main production areas of Argentina led to the isolation of <i>Stemphylium lycopersici</i> representatives, which were genetically diver...

Authors
Franco, Mario Emilio Ernesto; Troncozo, María Inés; López, Silvina Marianela Yanil; Lucentini, César Gustavo; Saparrat, Mario Carlos Nazareno; Ronco, Blanca Lía; Balatti, Pedro Alberto
Publication Year
2017
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Tomato gray leaf spot was first reported in Argentina in 1990. Since then, the disease has not only increased in endemicc areas , but also disseminated in other tomatogrowing areas. In a survey of plantas with typic symptoms of Tomato grey leaf spot disease we isolated 27 Stemphylium representatives representatives from the two main tomato-growing areas of Argentina . Cultural features such as sporulation, conidia morphometry among others revealed high variability between isolates, which was confirmed by Inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR)-PCR technique A molecular phylogenetic analysis comprising the Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) and the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (gpd) gene partial sequences unambiguously identified all isolates as Stemphylium lycopersici. Based on disease severity on detached leaves, isolates were grouped in three cathegories high, medium and low virulent one. No correlation was found between phenotypic orgenotypic characters and the geographical origin of the isolates.
Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias y Forestales
Subject
Ciencias Agrarias
Enfermedades de las Plantas
Cultivos Agrícolas
<i>Stemphylium lycopersici</i>; tomato gray leaf spot; morphological variability; genetic diversity; virulence; molecular phylogeny
Access level
Open access
License
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)
Repository
SEDICI (UNLP)
Institution
Universidad Nacional de La Plata
OAI Identifier
oai:sedici.unlp.edu.ar:10915/66662