13C‐labeling shows the effect of hierarchy on the carbon gain of individuals and functional groups in dense field stands

Authors
Lattanzi, Fernando Alfredo; Berone, German Dario; Feneis, Wolfgang; Schnyder, Hans
Publication Year
2012
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Measurements of resource capture by individuals, species, or functional groups coexisting in field stands improve our ability to investigate the ecophysiological basis of plant competition. But methodological and technical difficulties have limited the use of such measurements. Carbon capture, in particular, is difficult to asses in heterogeneous, dense field stands. Here we present a new approach to measure in situ daily gross carbon gain of individuals. It is based on measuring the 13C content of shoots after a few hours of continuous labeling of all assimilated CO2. The technique is simple and has few assumptions. A new, fully mobile facility was developed, capable of providing a labeling environment with a CO2 concentration close to atmospheric air and known, constant 13C‐enrichment, while maintaining temperature and relative humidity within ambient values. This facility was used in seminatural grasslands of Germany and Argentina to explore the relationship between size and carbon gain of individuals of coexisting species growing in contrasting hierarchical positions, and to analyze the carbon gain of functional groups. In general, carbon gain per unit shoot mass increased with increasing size among small individuals, but it became independent of size among the largest ones. In consequence, competition appeared to be size asymmetric between subordinate individuals but size symmetric between dominant individuals. When comparing functional groups, the carbon gain per unit shoot mass of rosette dicots vs. grasses reflected not their relative contribution to stand biomass, but their hierarchical position: irrespectively of mass or growth form, being taller than neighbors was most important in determining carbon gain per unit shoot mass. We believe these results show that in situ measurements of carbon gain can provide valuable insight in field studies of plant competition.
EEA Rafaela
Fil: Lattanzi, Fernando Alfredo. Technische Universität München. Lehrstuhl für Grünlandlehre; Alemania
Fil: Berone, German Dario. Technische Universität München. Lehrstuhl für Grünlandlehre; Alemania. INTA. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Rafaela; Argentina
Fil: Feneis, Wolfgang. Technische Universität München. Lehrstuhl für Grünlandlehre; Alemania
Fil: Schnyder, Hans. Technische Universität München. Lehrstuhl für Grünlandlehre; Alemania
Source
Ecology 93 (1) : 169-179 (January 2012)
Subject
Carbono
Fotosíntesis
Competencia Biológica
Competición Vegetal
Carbon
Photosynthesis
Biological Competition
Plant Competition
Captura de Carbono
Asimilación del Carbono
Access level
Restricted access
License
Repository
INTA Digital (INTA)
Institution
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria
OAI Identifier
oai:localhost:20.500.12123/4625