Drought stress tolerance of Prosopis chilensis and Prosopis flexuosa species and their hybrids

Authors
Lopez Lauenstein, Diego; Fernandez, María Elena; Verga, Anibal
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Natural hybridization commonly produces individuals with intermediate morphological and genetic characteristics, but their response to environmental stress is still uncertain, with some studies showing that transgressive performance would be common. Prosopis chilensis and Prosopis flexuosa are the most important tree species from Arid Chaco, South-America. Both species occupy different ecological niches in terms of water availability. Genetic and morphological studies have demonstrated the existence of interspecific hybrids in contact areas between these species. Hybrids are characterized by clear intermediate morphological characteristics, which have taxonomical value, and genetic structure compared to both parental species. We studied mechanisms implicated in drought stress tolerance in seedlings of P. chilensis, P. flexuosa and their interspecific hybrids trying to elucidate if hybrids have a morpho-physiological, growth and survival intermediate response to drought compared to differential parental responses or if they out-perform both parental species when subjected to drought. Our results suggest that hybridization does not result in individuals with intermediate mechanisms related to drought resistance, but with a unique trait combination leading to high growth when water availability is high (similar to the most vulnerable parental species) and high survival under drought stress (similar to the more resistant parental species). Certain uncoupling between symplastic and apoplastic resistence to drought was observed in hybrids, as well as decreased physiological-wood anatomical plasticity compared to parental species. The long-term consequences in terms of adaptive response to drought of this particular trait combination of hybrids remain still unknown.
Instituto de Fisiología y Recursos Genéticos Vegetales
Fil: Lopez Lauenstein, Diego. INTA. Instituto de Fisiología y Recursos Genéticos Vegetales; Argentina
Fil: Fernandez, Marí­a Elena. INTA. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Bariloche. Grupo de Ecología Forestal; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Verga, Anibal. INTA. Instituto de Fisiología y Recursos Genéticos Vegetales; Argentina
Source
Trees 27 (1) : 285–296. (February 2013)
Subject
Prosopis Chilensis
Resistencia a la Sequía
Estrés de Sequia
Plasticidad Fenotípica
Hibridación
Drought Resistance
Drought Stress
Phenotypic Plasticity
Hybridization
Prosopis Flexuosa
Access level
Restricted access
License
Repository
INTA Digital (INTA)
Institution
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria
OAI Identifier
oai:localhost:20.500.12123/3731