Relative soil water content as a factor for wind erodibility in soils with different texture and aggregation

Authors
de Oro, Laura Andrea; Colazo, Juan Cruz; Avecilla, Fernando; Buschiazzo, Daniel Eduardo; Asensio, Carlos
Publication Year
2019
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The soil water content is one of the main factors influencing the beginning of soil particle movement by the wind. Although, some authors studied the effect of soil water content on threshold wind velocity and have defined a value to prevent wind erosion, the critical relative soil water content (HRc), most of them used disturbed and/or sieved soil samples. Under these conditions, the effect of aggregation, i.e. the natural state of the soil, cannot be evaluated. So, our objective was to determine HRc in soils with different textures in Semiarid Argentinian Pampas Region (SAPR) using uncrushed soil samples under variable wind velocities. Wind tunnel simulations were performed at three wind speeds (2.1, 8.0 and 10.5 m s−1) during 3 min in each case. Results indicated that the quantity of collected soil (Q) decreased with increasing relative soil water contents (HR) up to a HRc value at which it became negligible. HRc values were lower in fine textured soils than in coarse soils. All soils showed increasing HRc values as wind velocity increased from 2.1 to 10.5 m s−1, while the wind velocity effect is more important in coarse textured soils. HRc was negatively related to micro-aggregation in a linear way. For that reason, soils with high fine silt and clay content need lower HRc values to inhibit wind erosion. In conclusion, not only texture is important factor in defining the HRc value at a specific wind velocity but also the micro and macro-aggregation of the soils.
EEA San Luis
Fil: de Oro, Laura Andrea. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra y Ambientales de La Pampa. Universidad Nacional de La Pampa. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra y Ambientales de La Pampa; Argentina
Fil: Colazo, Juan Cruz. INTA. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria San Luis; Argentina
Fil: Avecilla, Fernando. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra y Ambientales de La Pampa. Universidad Nacional de La Pampa. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra y Ambientales de La Pampa; Argentina
Fil: Buschiazzo, Daniel Eduardo. INTA. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Anguil; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra y Ambientales de La Pampa. Universidad Nacional de La Pampa. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra y Ambientales de La Pampa; Argentina
Fil: Asensio, Carlos. Universidad de Almería. Campus de Excelencia Internacional Agroalimentario. CIAIMBITAL; España
Source
Aeolian Research 37 : 25-31 (April 2019)
Subject
Agua del Suelo
Contenido de Agua en el Suelo
Erosión Eólica
Suelo
Unidades Estructurales de Suelos
Soil Water
Soil Water Content
Wind Erosion
Soil
Soil Structural Units
Humedad del Suelo
Access level
Restricted access
License
Repository
INTA Digital (INTA)
Institution
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria
OAI Identifier
oai:localhost:20.500.12123/4543