Of volcanoes and insects: the impact of the Puyehue–Cordon Caulle ash fall on populations of invasive social wasps, Vespula spp.

Authors
Masciocchi, Maite; Pereira, Ana Julia; Lantschner, Maria Victoria; Corley, Juan Carlos
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Versión aceptada para publicación
Description
Las erupciones volcánicas tienen importantes efectos en los ecosistemas terrestres. Los efectos bióticos de ceniza volcánica en las poblaciones de insectos varian de un generalizado y catastróficoa lo sutil y localizada. Las erupciones volcánicas pueden aumentar la mortalidad de los insectos a través de los correos ECTS . El Complejo Volcán Puyehue - Cordon Caulle es la más reciente erupción en la Patagonia. Aquí nosotros tratamos de explorar y describir los efectos de la erupción de este complejo volcánico en las poblaciones invasiva Vespula spp. Estas avispas son muy abundantes himenópteros social que han invadido recientemente la Patagonia. Hemos colocado trampas cebadas siguiendo el gradiente de ceniza que se encuentra, y revisando una vez por semana durante febrero a abril.
Volcanic eruptions have important effects on terrestrial ecosystems. The biotic effects of volcanic ash on insect populations vary from widespread and catastrophic to subtle and localized. Volcanic eruptions may increase insect mortality through the effects of the ash plume, and these vary by taxon or specific biological features. The Puyehue–Cordon Caulle Volcanic Complex is the most recent eruption in Patagonia. Here we explore and describe the effects of the eruption of this volcanic complex on invasive Vespula spp. populations. These wasps are very abundant social hymenoptera that have recently invaded Patagonia. We placed baited traps following the gradient of deposited ash, and revisited them once a week during February to April. No wasps were caught where ash deposition levels exceeded 3.0 cm. The number of wasps caught in sites with minimal ash deposits was similar to that of previous years. In locations where ash layers are intermediate, a few wasps were observed, but only during the peak of wasp abundance. We show that Vespula spp. populations were severely affected by the ash deposition and plume, caused by this eruption. These results show catastrophic effects of ash deposition over a large area, even at great distances from the eruption epicenter. We conclude that wasp mortality explained by the volcanic eruption may reach distant areas, and cause local extinction. In areas where active volcanoes are common, invasive insects may encounter an additional obstacle in their invasion success.
EEA Bariloche
Fil: Masciocchi, Maite. INTA. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Bariloche. Grupo de Ecología de Poblaciones de Insectos; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Pereira, Ana Julia. INTA. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Bariloche. Grupo de Ecología de Poblaciones de Insectos; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Lantschner, Maria Victoria. INTA. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Bariloche. Grupo de Ecología de Poblaciones de Insectos; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Corley, Juan Carlos. INTA. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Bariloche. Grupo de Ecología de Poblaciones de Insectos; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Source
Ecological research 28 (2) : 199–205. (March 2013)
Subject
Vespula
Vespidae
Volcanes
Erupciones Volcánicas
Ceniza
Volcanoes
Volcanic Eruptions
Ashes
Volcan Puyehue, Chile
Puyehue-Cordon Caulle, Chile
Access level
Restricted access
License
Repository
INTA Digital (INTA)
Institution
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria
OAI Identifier
oai:localhost:20.500.12123/1566