The influence of soil properties on denitrifying bacterial communities and denitrification potential in no-till production farms under contrasting management in the Argentinean Pam...

Authors
Rosa, Silvina Mariana; Behrends Kraemer, Filipe; Soria, Marcelo Abel; Guerrero, Leandro Demián; Morras, Hector; Figuerola, Eva Lucia Margarita; Erijman, Leonardo
Publication Year
2014
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The aim of this work was to investigate the response of the structure, abundance and potential activity of denitrifiers to contrasting agricultural management in no-till production fields, across a regional scale within the highly productive Argentine northern Pampas. Treatment categories were grouped according to the sustainability of the soil management, in terms of crop rotation, fertilization, agrochemicals use and pest control, as good no-till agricultural practices (GAP) and poor no-till agricultural practices (PAP). Non-cultivated soils in each geographic location were also evaluated as reference groups. Mixed models, with sites treated as random factors, indicated that the potential denitrification activity and the size of the nirS community differed significantly between non-cultivated and PAP soils. Soil properties were separated into dynamic and inherent according to their variance components. The former had the largest part of their variances explained by agricultural management, while the latter were more affected by edaphic–climatic differences between sites. Both inherent and dynamic properties could explain the changes in potential denitrification activity, whereas changes in the abundance of denitrifiers were only related to inherent soil properties. Results from principal components analysis suggested site-specific response of most dynamic soil properties. Among the latter, only aggregate stability indices were strongly associated with potential denitrification activity after removing the geographical effect.
Instituto de Suelos
Fil: Rosa, Silvina Mariana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular ; Argentina
Fil: Behrends Kraemer, Filipe. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomia. Departamento de Ingenieria Agricola y Uso de la Tierra. Cátedra de Manejo y Conservación de Suelo; Argentina. INTA. Instituto de Suelos; Argentina
Fil: Soria, Marcelo Abel. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Departamento de Biología Aplicada y Alimentos. Cátedra de Microbiología Agrícola; Argentina
Fil: Guerrero, Leandro Demián. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular ; Argentina
Fil: Morras, Hector. INTA. Instituto de Suelos; Argentina
Fil: Figuerola, Eva Lucia Margarita. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular ; Argentina
Fil: Erijman, Leonardo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular ; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Departamento de Fisiología, Biología Molecular y Celular; Argentina
Source
Applied soil ecology 75 : 172-180. (March 2014)
Subject
Propiedades Físico-Químicas Suelo
Cero-labranza
Denitrificación
Agricultura Sostenible
Vertisoles
Soil Chemicophysical Properties
Zero Tillage
Denitrification
Sustainable Agriculture
Vertisols
No Tillage
Mollisols
Structural Stability Indices
Región Pampena
Molisoles
Access level
Restricted access
License
Repository
INTA Digital (INTA)
Institution
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria
OAI Identifier
oai:localhost:20.500.12123/3603