A new argasid tick species (Acari: Argasidae) associated with the rock cavy, Kerodon rupestris Wied-Neuwied (Rodentia: Caviidae), in a semiarid region of Brazil

Authors
Labruna, Marcelo B.; Nava, Santiago; Marcili, Arlei; Barbieri, Amália Regina Mar; Nunes, Pablo Henrique; Horta, Mauricio Claudio; Venzal, José Manuel
Publication Year
2016
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Background: The rock cavy Kerodon rupestris (Wied-Neuwied, 1820) is a rodent species endemic to northeastern Brazil. Earlier studies have associated the argasid tick Ornithodoros talaje (Guérin-Méneville, 1849) with rocky cavy; however, a recent study proposed that O. talaje is not established in Brazil, where previous reports of this species were possibly misidentifications of closely related species, yet to be properly determined. Here, we describe a new species of Ornithodoros Koch, 1844 associated with rock cavies in northeastern Brazil. Methods: During 2012–2013, Ornithodoros ticks were collected from K. rupestris resting places in Paraíba State (PB) and Piauí State (PI), northeastern Brazil. These ticks were brought alive to the laboratory, and used to form two laboratory colonies (PB and PI ticks). Field-collected adults and laboratory-reared larvae were used for morphological description through light and scanning electron microscopy. DNA sequences of the mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene were generated from nymphal ticks and used to conduct phylogenetic analyses along with other Ornithodoros spp. sequences from GenBank. Reproductive compatibility of crosses between PB and PI adult ticks was evaluated, as well as analyses of hybrid ticks through larval morphology by a principal components analysis (PCA) and DNA sequences of the second internal transcribed spacer (ITS2) region from adult ticks. Results: Morphological analysis allowed recognizing these ticks as a new species, Ornithodoros rietcorreai n. sp. The larva of O. rietcorreai is distinct from those of other Ornithodoros spp. by the combination of the following character states: 14 pairs of dorsal setae, dorsal plate pyriform, hypostome with pointed apex and dental formula 3/3 anteriorly, 2/2 posteriorly, and anal valves with long and pointed leaf-shaped ends. There were a few larval morphological differences between PB and PI ticks, and their mitochondrial 16S rDNA sequences diverged by 3.3 %. On the other hand, cross-mating experiments showed that PB and PI ticks were reproductive compatible, indicating that they represent a single species. Analyses of ITS2 sequences and PCA corroborated this assumption. Conclusion: Ornithodoros rietcorreai is described as a new species associated with K. rupestris in Brazil, increasing the Brazilian tick fauna to 70 species.
EEA Rafaela
Fil: Labruna, Marcelo B. Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia. Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal; Brasil
Fil: Nava, Santiago. INTA. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Rafaela; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Marcili, Arlei. Universidade Federal do ABC. Centro de Ciências Naturais e Humanas; Brasil. Universidade de Santo Amaro. Medicina Veterinária e Bem estar animal; Brasil
Fil: Barbieri, Amália Regina Mar. Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia. Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal; Brasil
Fil: Nunes, Pablo Henrique. Universidade Federal da Integração Latino-Americana. Instituto Latino-Americano de Ciências da Vida e da Natureza; Brasil
Fil: Horta, Mauricio Claudio. Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco. Campus de Ciências Agrárias; Brasil
Fil: Venzal, José Manuel. Universidad de la República. Facultad de Veterinaria. Laboratorio de Vectores y Enfermedades Transmitidas; Uruguay
Source
Parasites & vectors 9 : 511. (2016)
Subject
Morfología
Metastigmata
Especies Nuevas
Zona Semiárida
Argasidae
Semiarid Zones
New Species
Morphology
Ornithodoros Rietcorreai
Kerodon Rupestris
Brasil
Mitochondrial 16S rDNA
Garrapatas
Access level
Open access
License
Repository
INTA Digital (INTA)
Institution
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria
OAI Identifier
oai:localhost:20.500.12123/2887