Drought induces distinct growth response, protection, and recovery mechanisms in the maize leaf growth zone
- Avramova, Viktoriya; AbdElgawad, Hamada; Zhang, Zhengfeng; Fotschki, Bartosz; Casadevall, Romina; Vergauwen, Lucia; Knapen, Dries; Taleisnik, Edith; Guisez, Yves; Asard, Han; Beemster, Gerrit T.S.
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- Drought is the most important crop yield-limiting factor, and detailed knowledge of its impact on plant growth regulation is crucial. The maize (Zea mays) leaf growth zone offers unique possibilities for studying the spatiotemporal regulation of developmental processes by transcriptional analyses and methods that require more material, such as metabolite and enzyme activity measurements. By means of a kinematic analysis, we show that drought inhibits maize leaf growth by inhibiting cell division in the meristem and cell expansion in the elongation zone. Through a microarray study, we observed the down-regulation of 32 of the 54 cell cycle genes, providing a basis for the inhibited cell division. We also found evidence for an up-regulation of the photosynthetic machinery and the antioxidant and redox systems. This was confirmed by increased chlorophyll content in mature cells and increased activity of antioxidant enzymes and metabolite levels across the growth zone, respectively. We demonstrate the functional significance of the identified transcriptional reprogramming by showing that increasing the antioxidant capacity in the proliferation zone, by overexpression of the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) iron-superoxide dismutase gene, increases leaf growth rate by stimulating cell division. We also show that the increased photosynthetic capacity leads to enhanced photosynthesis upon rewatering, facilitating the often-observed growth compensation.
Fil: AbdElgawad, Hamada. University of Beni-Suef. Department of Botany, Faculty of Science; Egipto
Fil: Zhang, Zhengfeng. Central China Normal University. , School of Life Sciences. Hubei Key Laboratory of Genetic Regulation and Integrative Biology; China
Fil: Fotschki, Bartosz. University of Antwerp, Campus Drie Eiken. Department of Veterinary Sciences; Bélgica
Fil: Casadevall, Romina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Rosario. Centro de Estudios Fotosintéticos y Bioquímicos; Argentina
Fil: Vergauwen, Lucia. University of Antwerp, Campus Drie Eiken. Department of Veterinary Sciences; Bélgica
Fil: Knapen, Dries. University of Antwerp, Campus Drie Eiken. Department of Veterinary Sciences; Bélgica
Fil: Taleisnik, Edith. INTA. Instituto de Fisiología y Recursos Genéticos Vegetales; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina.
Fil: Guisez, Yves. University of Antwerp, Campus Drie Eiken. Department of Veterinary Sciences; Bélgica
Fil: Asard, Han University of Antwerp. Department of Biology Molecular Plant Physiology and Biotechnology; Bélgica
Beemster, Gerrit T.S. University of Antwerp. Department of Biology; Bélgica
- Plant physiology 169 (2) : 1382-1396. (2015).
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