Chemical and sensory effects of cold soak, whole cluster fermentation, and stem additions in Pinot noir wines

Authors
Casassa, Luis Federico; Sari, Santiago Eduardo; Bolcato, Esteban Augusto; Diaz Sambueza, Alejandra Mariela; Catania, Anibal Alejandro; Fanzone, Martín Leandro; Raco, Fernando; Barda, Nora
Publication Year
2019
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Pinot noir wines were produced over two consecutive vintages using four and six different winemaking techniques in 2014 and 2015, respectively. In addition to control wines, the separate and combined effect of cold soak (CS) and additions of 20% of whole clusters (WC) and 3% stems (S) were investigated for their impact on phenolics, color, volatile and sensory composition of the resulting wines. The basic chemistry of the wines was marginally, if at all affected by CS, WC or S treatments. For the cooler 2014 vintage, CS increased tannin extraction by 37% whereas for the warmer 2015 vintage, CS had no effect on tannin extraction relative to control wines. Addition of stems increased tannin extraction by 60%. Overall for both vintages, CS decreased anthocyanin extraction and color intensity. β-damascenone absolute concentration and Odor Activity Value were higher in control and control + WC wines than in CS wines, suggesting that the former wines were fruitier than CS wines. Sensory descriptive analysis of the wines indicated that control wines of the 2014 vintage were the least saturated in color, whereas CS + WC wines were the most saturated. However, the opposite was found in 2015 whereby CS decreased color saturation. Control wines were fruitier whereas WC wines were less fruity but higher in floral and bitter almond aromas. This aroma shift was most likely due to the influence of the added stems. Whole clusters and stem additions had a moderate effect of on the diversity of aromas and a larger, enhancing effect on bitter taste and astrigency within the sensory profile of these Pinot noir wines.
EEA Mendoza
Fil: Casassa, L. Federico. California Polytechnic State University. Wine and Viticulture Department; Argentina
Fil: Sari, Santiago Eduardo. INTA. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Mendoza. Centro de Estudios de Enología; Argentina
Fil: Bolcato, Esteban Augusto. INTA. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Mendoza. Centro de Estudios de Enología; Argentina
Fil: Diaz Sambueza, Alejandra Mariela. INTA. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Mendoza. Centro de Estudios de Enología; Argentina
Fil: Catania, Anibal Alejandro. INTA. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Mendoza. Centro de Estudios de Enología; Argentina
Fil: Fanzone, Martín Leandro. INTA. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Mendoza. Laboratorio de Aromas y Sustancias Naturales; Argentina
Fil: Raco, Fernando. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Industrial. Centro Lácteos PTM. Laboratorio de Cromatografía y Ensayos Especiales; Argentina
Fil: Barda, Nora. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Industrial, Rio Negro; Argentina
Source
American journal of enology and viticulture 70 (1) : 19-33. (January 2019)
Subject
Flavour
Phenolic Compounds
Organoleptic Analysis
Racemes
Wines
Sabor
Compuestos Fenólicos
Análisis Organoléptico
Racimo
Vinos
Pinot Noir
Remojo Frío
Cold Soak
Access level
Restricted access
License
Repository
INTA Digital (INTA)
Institution
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria
OAI Identifier
oai:localhost:20.500.12123/4831