A pedometric technique to delimitate soil-specific zones at field scale

Authors
Castro Franco, Mauricio; Córdoba, Mariano Augusto; Balzarini, Mónica Graciela; Costa, Jose Luis
Publication Year
2018
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Delimitation of soil types within a farm field is key for site-specific crop management. An alternative to this, is to develop pedometric techniques that allow an efficient combination of soil survey information and high-resolution terrain attribute data. The aim of this study was to present and evaluate a pedometric technique to delimit soil-specific zones at field scale by coupled Random forest, fuzzy k-means clustering and spatial principal components algorithms (RF-KM-sPCA) and by using information from soil surveys and terrain attributes derived from a digital elevation model. The protocol involves three-steps: 1) automatic classification of small (20x20m) spatial units (SU) using the knowledge of the soil map units present in the farm landscape, 2) aggregation of SUM at farm scale and 3) validation of soil-specific zones. For the first step, we used the random forest algorithm with 10 terrain attributes. For the second step, KM-sPCA algorithms were used to cluster within field SU accounting for autocorrelation. For the third step, apparent soil electrical conductivity and yield maps was used to validate the delimitation of soil-specific zones. This technique produced more contiguous zones than other cluster methods which do not use spatiality. Six farm fields with highly differences in soils were partitioned by the proposed pedometric strategy. Apparent soil electrical conductivity and yield maps present significant differences among zones in all experimental fields. This analytic strategy, based in easy-to-obtain data, could be used to improve precision agricultural managements.
CEI  Barrow
Fil: Castro Franco, Mauricio. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. INTA. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Barrow; Argentina
Fil: Córdoba, Mariano Augusto. Universidad Nacional de Cordoba. Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias. Cátedra de Estadística y Biometría; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Balzarini, Mónica Graciela. Universidad Nacional de Cordoba. Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias. Cátedra de Estadística y Biometría; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Costa, Jose Luis. INTA. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce; Argentina
Source
Geoderma 322 : 101-111. (July 2018)
Subject
Suelo
Agricultura de Precisión
Manejo del Cultivo
Reconocimiento de Suelos
Soil
Precision Agriculture
Crop Management
Soil Surveys
Access level
Restricted access
License
Repository
INTA Digital (INTA)
Institution
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria
OAI Identifier
oai:localhost:20.500.12123/2130