Immune response in calves vaccinated with type three secretion system antigens and shiga toxin 2B subunit of Escherichia coli O157:H7

Authors
Martorelli, Luisina; Garbaccio, Sergio Gabriel; Vilte, Daniel Alejandro; Albanese, Adriana Andrea; Mejías, María Pilar; Palermo, Marina Sandra; Mercado, Elsa Cristina; Ibarra, Cristina E.; Cataldi, Angel Adrian
Publication Year
2017
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Ruminants are the primary reservoir of Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 and the main source of infection for humans. The aim of this study was to assess the immunogenic properties of a candidate vaccine consisting on the recombinant proteins of E. coli O157:H7 IntiminC280, the carboxy-terminal fraction of Intimin γ, EspB and the fusion protein between the B subunit of Stx2 and Brucella Lumazine Synthase (BLS)(BLS-Stx2B), in Holstein Fresian calves.To accomplish this goal we vaccinated calves with two doses of different vaccine formulations: 2 antigens (IntiminC280, EspB), 3 antigens (IntiminC280, EspB, BLS-Stx2B), BLS-Stx2B alone and a control non-vaccinated group. All antigens were expressed as recombinant proteins in E. coli. Specific IgG titres increased in vaccinated calves and the inclusion of BLS-Stx2B in the formulation seems to have a stimulatory effect on the humoral response to IntiminC280 and EspB after the booster. The neutralizing activity of antibodies against these two antigens was assessed in Red Blood Cell lysis assays and adherence to Hep-2 cells as a correlate of T3SS activity. Both sera from animals vaccinated with 2 or 3 antigens inhibited both virulence properties. Serological response to Stx2 was observed in animals vaccinated only with BLS-Stx2B and with 3 antigens and neutralization of Stx2 cytotoxicity was also observed in both groups. In conclusion, immunization of calves with BLS-Stx2B, IntiminC280 and EspB elicited a potent humoral response able to neutralize Shiga toxin 2 cytotoxity and the T3SS virulence properties in vitro. These results suggest that this formulation is a good candidate vaccine to reduce STEC shedding in cattle and needs to be further assessed in vivo
Inst. de Patobiología
Fil: Martorelli, Luisina. INTA. Instituto de Patobiología; Argentina
Fil: Garbaccio, Sergio Gabriel. INTA. Instituto de Patobiología; Argentina
Fil: Vilte, Daniel Alejandro. INTA. Instituto de Patobiología; Argentina
Fil: Albanese, Adriana Andrea. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Departamento de Ciencias Fisiológicas. Laboratorio de Fisiopatogenia; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay; Argentina
Fil: Mejias, María Pilar. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Laboratorio de Patogénesis e Inmunología de Procesos Infecciosos; Argentina
Fil: Palermo, Marina Sandra. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Laboratorio de Patogénesis e Inmunología de Procesos Infecciosos; Argentina
Fil: Mercado, Elsa Cristina. INTA. Instituto de Patobiología; Argentina
Fil: Ibarra, Cristina E. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Departamento de Ciencias Fisiológicas. Laboratorio de Fisiopatogenia; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay; Argentina
Fil: Cataldi, Angel Adrian. INTA. Instituto de Biotecnología; Argentina
Source
PLoS One 12(1) : 2017
Subject
Ternero
Respuesta Inmunológica
Vacunación
Antígenos Bacterianos
Escherichia Coli
Calves
Immune Response
Vaccination
Bacterial Antigens
Toxina Shiga
Access level
Open access
License
Repository
INTA Digital (INTA)
Institution
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria
OAI Identifier
oai:localhost:20.500.12123/491