Effect of previous cropping of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) on soybean (Glycine max) root mycorrhization, nodulation, and plant growth

Authors
Valetti, Lucio; Iriarte, Liliana Beatriz; Fabra, Adriana
Publication Year
2016
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) improve the uptake of immobile mineral nutrients such as phosphate, thereby enhancing the growth of most plants. However, plants belonging to the Brassicaceae family such as rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) do not associate with AMF. In Argentina, one of the crops frequently used in rotation with rapeseed is soybean (Glycine max L.). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the non-mycorrhizal rapeseed (inoculated with the phosphorus solubilizing bacteria Bacillus sp. LRCP-4 or Arthrobacter sp. LRCP-11) as the preceding crop, on soybean plants growth, nodulation and AMF colonization. Green house experiments were done using soil samples from rapeseed cultivated fields to growth soybean plants. Results indicated that the soybean interaction with the microsymbiont Bradyrhizobium japonicum E109 was not affected and that the growth of plants in soil previously planted with rapeseed inoculated with Bacillus sp. LRCP-4 was increased (31% and 29% for shoot and root fresh weight respectively). However, it was evident from this study that inclusion of rapeseed in the soybean-based system decrease by a 30% the AMF soybean root colonization.
EEA Barrow
Fil: Valetti, Lucio. Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto. Departamento de Ciencias Naturales; Argentina
Fil: Iriarte, Liliana. INTA. Chacra Experimental Integrada Barrow; Argentina
Fil: Fabra, Adriana. Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto. Departamento de Ciencias Naturales; Argentina
Source
European Journal of Soil Biology 76 : 103-106 (September–October 2016)
Subject
Semilla de Colza
Brassica napus
Soja
Micorrizas Arbusculares
Hongos
Nodulación
Rapeseed
Soybeans
Arbuscular Mycorrhiza
Fungi
Root Nodulation
Colza (planta)
Access level
Restricted access
License
Repository
INTA Digital (INTA)
Institution
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria
OAI Identifier
oai:localhost:20.500.12123/2882