Achiote (Bixa orellana L.) : a natural source of pigment and vitamin E

Authors
Raddatz-Mota, Denise; Pérez Flores, Laura J.; Carrari, Fernando; Mendoza Espinoza, José Alberto; Díaz de León-Sánchez, Fernando; Pinzón-López, Luis L.; Godoy-Hernández, Gregorio; Rivera Cabrera, Fernando
Publication Year
2017
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Commercialization of agricultural products, including seeds and its derived products, represents an important economic source for developing countries. Natural colorants obtained from the seeds of achiote plant (annatto) have been used since pre-Hispanic times. Also, production of this crop has been important for Mayan cuisine. Annual world production of achiote seeds is approximately 14,500 tons (dry weight). Two thirds of the production is commercialized as dried seeds and the rest as colorant. Latin America produces 60% of the total world production, followed by Africa (27%) and Asia (12%). The main producers in Latin America are Peru, Brazil and Mexico. The purpose of the present paper is to review the most recent literature on Bixa orellana L. focusing on bixin, norbixin, tocotrienols and tocopherols biosynthesis, use and industrial applications of annatto extracts, as well as its nutraceutical potential and its benefits for human health.
Instituto de Biotecnología
Fil: Raddatz-Mota, Denise. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa. Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud; México
Fil: Pérez Flores, Laura J. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa. Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud; México
Fil: Carrari, Fernando. INTA. Instituto de Biotecnología; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Mendoza-Espinoza, José Alberto. Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México. Departamento de Biología Humana; México
Fil: Díaz de León-Sánchez, Fernando. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa. Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud; México
Fil: Pinzón-López, Luis L. Instituto Tecnológico de Conkal; México
Fil: Godoy-Hernández, Gregorio. Centro de Investigación Científica de Yucatán. Unidad de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular de Plantas; México
Fil: Rivera Cabrera, Fernando. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa. Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud; México
Source
Journal of Food Science and Technology 54 (6) : 1729-1741 (Mayo 2017)
Subject
Bixa orellana
Extractos Vegetales
Pigmentos
Rendimiento
Plant Extracts
Pigments
Yields
Vitamin E
Vitamina E
Achiote
Access level
Restricted access
License
Repository
INTA Digital (INTA)
Institution
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria
OAI Identifier
oai:localhost:20.500.12123/3971