Improvements in the Beckmann rearrangement process by using highly selective mesoporous catalysts

Authors
Vaschetto, Eliana Gabriela; Casuscelli, Sandra Graciela; Eimer, Griselda Alejandra
Publication Year
2016
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The Beckmann rearrangement of cyclohexanone oxime (CHO) into e-Caprolactam (e-C) at 300e380 C and W/F ¼ 1e60 gh/mol over a Al-MCM-41 catalyst was studied in a flow reactor at atmospheric pressure. Different reaction conditions as well as the nature of the solvents employed in the feed were evaluated. The e-C was the main product on the whole reaction conditions, but temperatures above 360 C favored its decomposition. A reaction pathway was proposed in order to explain the results obtained at 360 C. The stability and the possibility of recycling of the catalyst were checked by XRD, N2 adsorption, FTIR, pyridine adsorption coupled with FTIR and catalytic activity tests. Thus, the catalyst could be used during 3600 min and then recovered and reused three times without significant changes in the active species, catalytic activity and e-C yield. In addition, a modification in the operating conditions, which consisted in pretreating the catalyst with 1-hexanol, allowed to improve the yield to caprolactam by blocking the terminal silanols responsible of the byproduct formation. Thus, the better catalytic performance was observed at 350 C and W/F ¼ 40 gh/mol, immediately after a catalyst pretreatment with 1-hexanol during 3 h with 1-hexanol, which was also used as reaction solvent. Such conditions allowed us to achieve a high CHO conversion (95%) with a e-C selectivity of around 100%, improving thus results previously reported.
Fil: Vaschetto, Eliana Gabriela. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas. Centro Cientifico Tecnologico Cordoba. Centro de Investigacion y Tecnologia Quimica; Argentina. Universidad Tecnologica Nacional. Facultad Regional Cordoba; Argentina
Fil: Casuscelli, Sandra Graciela. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas. Centro Cientifico Tecnologico Cordoba. Centro de Investigacion y Tecnologia Quimica; Argentina. Universidad Tecnologica Nacional. Facultad Regional Cordoba; Argentina
Fil: Eimer, Griselda Alejandra. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas. Centro Cientifico Tecnologico Cordoba. Centro de Investigacion y Tecnologia Quimica; Argentina. Universidad Tecnologica Nacional. Facultad Regional Cordoba; Argentina
Subject
BECKMANN REARRANGEMENT
e-CAPROLACTAM
REACTION CONDITIONS
STABILITY THE CATALYST
Al-MCM-41
Otras Ingeniería Química
Ingeniería Química
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/10960