Chromosome studies in southern species of Mimosa (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae) and their taxonomic and evolutionary inferences

Authors
Morales, Matias; Wulff, Arturo Federico; Fortunato, Renee Hersilia; Poggio, Lidia
Publication Year
2014
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
In this work, chromosome numbers and karyotype parameters of 36 taxa of the genus Mimosa were studied, especially from the southern South America center of diversification. Results support that x = 13 is the basic chromosome number in the genus. Polyploidy is very frequent, ca. 56 % of the total of the studied species here are polyploid, confirming that polyploids are more frequent at higher latitudes. The most common ploidy levels found are 2x and 4x, but some species studied exhibit 6x and 8x. In different groups, several ploidy levels were found. Parameters of chromosome size show statistically signifi- cant differences between close species, and asymmetry index A2 exhibited low variation between them. It is possible to infer variations of chromosome size between diploids and tetraploids and between basal and derived taxa. The present studies confirm or reveal polyploidy in several groups of South America which are highly diversified in the southernmost area of distribution of the genus, such as sect. Batocaulon ser. Stipellares and sect. Calothamnos. Our data are discussed in a taxonomic context, making inferences about the origin of some polyploid taxa. Polyploidy could be an important phenomenon that increases the morphologic diversity and specific richness in southern South America. On basis of our data, it is possible to hypothesize hybridization between same-ploidy level or different ploidy level taxa. As already shown in the literature, our results confirm the importance of the polyploidy in the speciation of the genus.
Fil: Morales, Matias. Universidad de Moron. Facultad de Agronomia y Ciencias Agroalimentarias; Argentina. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro de Investigación de Recursos Naturales. Instituto de Recursos Biologicos; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Wulff, Arturo Federico. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Fortunato, Renee Hersilia. Universidad de Moron. Facultad de Agronomia y Ciencias Agroalimentarias; Argentina. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro de Investigación de Recursos Naturales. Instituto de Recursos Biologicos; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Poggio, Lidia. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Subject
Chromosome
Cytogenetics
Hybridization
Mimosa
Biología Celular, Microbiología
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/15659