Mode of action of lactocin 705, a two-component bacteriocin from Lactobacillus casei CRL705

Authors
Castellano, Patricia Haydee; Raya, Raul Ricardo; Vignolo, Graciela Margarita
Publication Year
2003
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Lactocin 705 is a bacteriocin whose activity depends on the complementary action of two peptides (705α and 705β) of 33-amino-acid residues each and is produced by Lactobacillus casei CRL705. Biologically active, synthetic lactocin 705 was used to study the mode of action on sensitive cells of Lactobacillus plantarum CRL691. The addition of 90 nmol l-1 of lactocin 705 to cells of L. plantarum dissipated both, the membrane potential (ΔΨ) and the pH gradient (ΔpH). Energized membrane, obtained after the addition of glucose, were more susceptible to lactocin 705 action leading to the immediate release of intracellular K+ and inorganic phosphate. When the role of various ions on sensitive cells were analyzed, only Ca2+ ion exhibited a protective effect against lactocin 705. These data suggest that the presence of a proton motive force (PMF) promotes the interaction of the bacteriocin with the cytoplasmic membrane of energized cells, leading to pore formation which allows for the efflux of ions, thereby ensuring efficient killing of target bacteria.
Fil: Castellano, Patricia Haydee. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Tucumán. Centro de Referencia para Lactobacilos; Argentina
Fil: Raya, Raul Ricardo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Tucumán. Centro de Referencia para Lactobacilos; Argentina
Fil: Vignolo, Graciela Margarita. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Tucumán. Centro de Referencia para Lactobacilos; Argentina
Subject
BACTERIOCIN
LACTOBACILLUS
MODE OF ACTION
Biología Celular, Microbiología
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Alimentos y Bebidas
Otras Ingenierías y Tecnologías
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/58656