Effects of injury and progesterone treatment on progesterone receptor and progesterone binding protein 25-Dx expression in the rat spinal cord

Authors
Labombarda, Maria Florencia; Gonzalez, Susana Laura; Gonzalez Deniselle, Maria Claudia; Vinson, G. P.; Schumacher, Michael; de Nicola, Alejandro Federico; Guennoun, Rachida
Publication Year
2003
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Progesterone provides neuroprotection after spinal cord injury, but the molecular mechanisms involved in this effect are not completely understood. In this work, expression of two binding proteins for progesterone was studied in intact and injured rat spinal cord: the classical intracellular progesterone receptor (PR) and 25-Dx, a recently discovered progesterone membrane binding site. RT-PCR was employed to determine their relative mRNA levels, whereas cellular localization and relative protein levels were investigated by immunocytochemistry. We observed that spinal cord PR mRNA was not up-regulated by estrogen in contrast to what is observed in many brain areas and in the uterus, but was abundant as it amounted to a third of that measured in the estradiol-stimulated uterus. In male rats with complete spinal cord transection, levels of PR mRNA were significantly decreased, while those of 25-Dx mRNA remained unchanged with respect to control animals. When spinal cord-injured animals received progesterone treatment during 72 h, PR mRNA levels were not affected and remained low, whereas 25-Dx mRNA levels were significantly increased. Immunostaining of PR showed its intracellular localization in both neurons and glial cells, whereas 25-Dx immunoreactivity was localized to cell membranes of dorsal horn and central canal neurons. As the two binding proteins for progesterone differ with respect to their response to lesion, their regulation by progesterone, their cellular and subcellular localizations, their functions may differ under normal and pathological conditions. These observations point to a novel and potentially important role of the progesterone binding protein 25-Dx after injury of the nervous system and suggest that the neuroprotective effects of progesterone may not necessarily be mediated by the classical progesterone receptor but may involve distinct membrane binding sites.
Fil: Labombarda, Maria Florencia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Departamento de Bioquímica Humana; Argentina
Fil: Gonzalez, Susana Laura. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Departamento de Bioquímica Humana; Argentina
Fil: Gonzalez Deniselle, Maria Claudia. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Departamento de Bioquímica Humana; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Vinson, G. P.. University of London; Reino Unido
Fil: Schumacher, Michael. Inserm; Francia
Fil: de Nicola, Alejandro Federico. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Departamento de Bioquímica Humana; Argentina
Fil: Guennoun, Rachida. Inserm; Francia
Subject
PROGESTERONE
SPINAL CORD INJURY
25-DX RECEPTOR
PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS
Neurociencias
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/36266