Oxidative coupling of methane on Sr/La2O3catalysts: Improving the catalytic performance using cordierite monoliths and ceramic foams as structured substrates

Authors
Sollier, Brenda Maria del Valle; Gómez, Leticia Ester; Boix, Alicia Viviana; Miro, Eduardo Ernesto
Publication Year
2017
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
This work shows how the use of structured catalysts results in an important increase of the C2yield in the oxidative coupling of methane over Sr/La2O3catalysts. Solids with 2 and 5 wt.% of Sr (Sr2 and Sr5) were prepared and washcoated on cordierite monoliths and alumina foams. Homogeneous and mechanically stable catalytic films were obtained in both cases with the addition of silica as binder. Other types of foams were also prepared (aluminum silicate and magnesia stabilized zirconia) but in such cases the adhesion of coatings was rather poor. The catalytic surface XPS characterization of both powders and structured catalysts indicates that lanthanum is mainly present as hydroxide and carbonate and that strontium is mainly present as carbonate. However, in the case of washcoated cordierite monoliths, a modification in La 3d spectra measured by XPS suggests a strong interaction of La with its chemical environment, most probably with silica and/or magnesia. This interaction could be originated by migration of the cordierite components towards the catalytic film, as seen by EDX. The decomposition of La(OH)3and La2O2CO3into La2O3under reaction conditions was confirmed by in situ LRS. While hydroxide prevails at low temperature, the presence of oxycarbonates starts to be relevant when the reaction takes place at temperatures above 400 °C and the oxycarbonates decompose into oxide over 700 °C. The monolithic catalysts (M)Sr2 and (M)Sr5 resulted twofold more active towards ethane and ethylene than the corresponding Sr2 and Sr5 powders. Meanwhile, the washcoated alumina foam (FAl)Sr5 showed methane conversion values similar to those of the powder but higher C2selectivity; thus, the C2yield was also higher. In the case of the monolithic catalysts, the increase in methane conversion and C2yield could be related to the interaction of Sr and La with silica and/or magnesia present in the cordierite structure. In the case of the alumina foam catalyst, the higher selectivity could be originated by the lower gas phase/catalytic surface ratio (as compared with the monolith), that inhibits gas-phase combustion of C2products. In order to assess the stability of (M)Sr5, which was the best catalyst among the ones studied in this work, time-on stream runs at 600 and 800 °C were performed. Surprisingly, at 800 °C, the C2yield steeply increased from 18% to 22.5% during the first 70 h and then remained constant until 100 h. This phenomenon could be due to a gradual increase in chemical interactions between the cordierite components and the catalytic coat. At lower temperature (600 °C), C2yield was constant during the 100 h of time-on-stream, indicating that this temperature is not enough to produce the said effect.
Fil: Sollier, Brenda Maria del Valle. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica "Ing. José Miguel Parera". Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica "Ing. José Miguel Parera"; Argentina
Fil: Gómez, Leticia Ester. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica "Ing. José Miguel Parera". Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica "Ing. José Miguel Parera"; Argentina
Fil: Boix, Alicia Viviana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica "Ing. José Miguel Parera". Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica "Ing. José Miguel Parera"; Argentina
Fil: Miro, Eduardo Ernesto. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica "Ing. José Miguel Parera". Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica "Ing. José Miguel Parera"; Argentina
Subject
MONOLITHS AND FOAMS
OXIDATIVE COUPLING OF METHANE
SR/LA2O3CATALYST
STRUCTURED CATALYSTS
Otras Ingeniería Química
Ingeniería Química
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Otras Ingeniería Química
Ingeniería Química
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/78627