Galectin-1 sensitizes resting human T lymphocytes to Fas (CD95)-mediated cell death via mitochondrial hyperpolarization, budding, and fission.

Authors
Matarrese, Paola; Tinari, Antonella; Mormone, Elisabetta; Bianco, German Ariel; Toscano, Marta Alicia; Ascione, Barbara; Rabinovich, Gabriel Adrián; Malorni, Walter
Publication Year
2005
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Galectins have emerged as a novel family of immunoregulatory proteins implicated in T cell homeostasis. Recent studies showed that galectin-1 (Gal-1) plays a key role in tumor-immune escape by killing antitumor effector T cells. Here we found that Gal-1 sensitizes human resting T cells to Fas (CD95)/caspase-8-mediated cell death. Furthermore, this protein triggers an apoptotic program involving an increase of mitochondrial membrane potential and participation of the ceramide pathway. In addition, Gal-1 induces mitochondrial coalescence, budding, and fission accompanied by an increase and/or redistribution of fission-associated molecules h-Fis and DRP-1. Importantly, these changes are detected in both resting and activated human T cells, suggesting that Gal-1-induced cell death might become an excellent model to analyze the morphogenetic changes of mitochondria during the execution of cell death. This is the first association among Gal-1, Fas/Fas ligand-mediated cell death, and the mitochondrial pathway, providing a rational basis for the immunoregulatory properties of Gal-1 in experimental models of chronic inflammation and cancer.
Fil: Matarrese, Paola. Istituto Superiore di Sanità; Italia
Fil: Tinari, Antonella. Istituto Superiore di Sanità; Italia
Fil: Mormone, Elisabetta. Istituto Superiore di Sanità; Italia
Fil: Bianco, German Ariel. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Hospital de Clínicas General San Martín; Argentina
Fil: Toscano, Marta Alicia. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Hospital de Clínicas General San Martín; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Ascione, Barbara. Istituto Superiore di Sanità; Italia
Fil: Rabinovich, Gabriel Adrián. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Hospital de Clínicas General San Martín; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Malorni, Walter. Istituto Superiore di Sanità; Italia
Subject
GALECTIN-1
CANCER
APOPTOSIS
MITOCHONDRIA
T-LYMPHOCYTES
Inmunología
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Patología
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/31343