Niveles de ingreso y prevalencia de tabaquismo en América Latina: revisión sistemática y metaanálisis

Authors
Bardach, Ariel Esteban; García Perdomo, Herney Andrés; Ruano Gandara, Ruth Amanda; Ciapponi, Agustín
Publication Year
2016
Language
Spanish
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Objective. Determine the relationship between the prevalence of current tobacco use and smoker income levels in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Methods. A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, SOCINDEX, and LILACS databases. Studies from LAC published from January 1989 to December 2015 were included and analyzed by subgroups disaggregated by decade of data, country, bias risk, sex, and age group. Results. Of 1,254 studies evaluated by full text, 29 articles were included, of which 25 were chosen for meta-analysis. All included studies were cross-sectional or surveillance, and were primarily from Brazil and Mexico. Low income was associated with a higher prevalence of active tobacco use (odds ratio [OR] 1.62; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.34–1.96 than high income (reference). A dose-response effect trend was observed: middle income (OR 1.23; 95% CI 1.00-1.52) and low income (OR 1.64; 95% CI 1.17-2.30). This association was greater in men (OR 2.22; 95% CI 1.77- 2.78) than in women (OR 1.6; 95% CI 1.11-2.47). Conclusions. An inverse relationship was observed between income and tobacco use prevalence. Further efforts are required to determine this relationship in special populations, such as adolescents and pregnant women. This research may be useful to policymakers by improving tobacco control strategies and characterizing public health equity issues.
Objective Determine the relationship between tobacco-use prevalence and smoker income level in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Methods A systematic search was carried out in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, SOCINDEX, and LILACS databases. Studies from LAC published from January 1989 to December 2015 were included and were analyzed by subgroups disaggregated by decade of data, country, bias risk, sex, and age group. Results Of 1 254 studies evaluated by full text, 29 articles were included, of which 25 were chosen for meta-analysis. All included studies were cross-sectional or surveillance, primarily from Brazil and Mexico. Low income was associated with higher prevalence of active smoking (odds ratio [OR] 1.62; 95% confidence interval [95%CI] 1.34–1.96) than high income (reference). A dose-response effect trend was observed: middle income (OR 1.23; 95%CI 1.00-1.52) and low income (OR 1.64; 95%CI 1.17-2.30). This association was greater in men (OR 2.22; 95%CI 1.77-2.78) than in women (OR 1.6; 95%CI 1.11-2.47). Conclusions An inverse relationship was observed between income and tobacco-use prevalence. Further efforts are required to determine this relationship in special populations, such as adolescents and pregnant women. This research can be useful for policymakers by improving tobacco control strategies and for characterizing public health equity issues.
Fil: Bardach, Ariel Esteban. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Instituto de Efectividad Clínica y Sanitaria; Argentina
Fil: García Perdomo, Herney Andrés. Universidad del Valle, California; Estados Unidos
Fil: Ruano Gandara, Ruth Amanda. Instituto de Efectividad Clínica y Sanitaria; Argentina
Fil: Ciapponi, Agustín. Instituto de Efectividad Clínica y Sanitaria; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Subject
tabaquismo
América Latina
Salud Ocupacional
Ciencias de la Salud
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/53125