Green Areas and Microscale Thermal Comfort in Arid Environments: A Case Study in Mendoza, Argentina

Authors
Puliafito, Salvador Enrique; Bochaca, Fabian Rolando; Allende, David Gabriel; Fernandez, Rafael Pedro
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
A series of mobile and stationary meteorological measurements were performed in the city of Mendoza, Argentina to study the local influence of green areas on the urban canopy layer heat island effect at the micro scale, during the Aus- tral summer of 2003-2005. These results were associated in representative local climate zones (LCZ), which helped to identify different thermal conditions within the city. The physiologically equivalent temperature index was used to de- termine the thermal comfort in each LCZ, showing that during daylight, trees and parks improve thermal comfort through shading and evapotranspiration; but at the same time, urban tree corridors delay night cooling by retaining warm air beneath their canopies. Also irrigation showed to positively influence on the extension and intensity of the cooling effect of rural areas and parks. The cooling influence of an urban park spreads out through the neighborhoods for 800 - 1000 m, with an average temperature decrease of 1.3°C during daytime and >4.0°C at nighttime.
Fil: Puliafito, Salvador Enrique. Universidad Tecnológica Nacional. Facultad Regional Mendoza; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Mendoza; Argentina
Fil: Bochaca, Fabian Rolando. Universidad Tecnológica Nacional. Facultad Regional Mendoza; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Allende, David Gabriel. Universidad Tecnológica Nacional. Facultad Regional Mendoza; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Fernandez, Rafael Pedro. Universidad Tecnológica Nacional. Facultad Regional Mendoza; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Mendoza; Argentina
Subject
UHI
PET INDEX
LOCAL CLIMATE ZONES
MOBILE MEASUREMENTS
URBAN CLIMATE COMFORT
Meteorología y Ciencias Atmosféricas
Ciencias de la Tierra y relacionadas con el Medio Ambiente
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/9989