Cocaine supersensitivity and enhanced motivation for reward in mice lacking dopamine D2 autoreceptors

Authors
Bello Gay, Estefania Pilar; Mateo, Yolanda; Gelman, Diego Matias; Noain, Daniela Maria Clara; Shin, Jung H.; Low, Malcolm J.; Alvarez, Veronica A.; Lovinger, David M.; Rubinstein, Marcelo
Publication Year
2011
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Dopamine (DA) D2 receptors expressed in DA neurons (D 2 autoreceptors) exert a negative feedback regulation that reduces DA neuron firing, DA synthesis and DA release. As D2 receptors are mostly expressed in postsynaptic neurons, pharmacological and genetic approaches have been unable to definitively address the in vivo contribution of D 2 autoreceptors to DA-mediated behaviors. We found that midbrain DA neurons from mice deficient in D2 autoreceptors (Drd2 loxP/loxP; Dat+/IREScre, referred to as autoDrd2KO mice) lacked DA-mediated somatodendritic synaptic responses and inhibition of DA release. AutoDrd2KO mice displayed elevated DA synthesis and release, hyperlocomotion and supersensitivity to the psychomotor effects of cocaine. The mice also exhibited increased place preference for cocaine and enhanced motivation for food reward. Our results highlight the importance of D 2 autoreceptors in the regulation of DA neurotransmission and demonstrate that D2 autoreceptors are important for normal motor function, food-seeking behavior, and sensitivity to the locomotor and rewarding properties of cocaine.
Fil: Bello Gay, Estefania Pilar. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular "Dr. Héctor N. Torres"; Argentina
Fil: Mateo, Yolanda. National Institutes of Health; Estados Unidos
Fil: Gelman, Diego Matias. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular "Dr. Héctor N. Torres"; Argentina
Fil: Noain, Daniela Maria Clara. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular "Dr. Héctor N. Torres"; Argentina
Fil: Shin, Jung H.. National Institutes of Health; Estados Unidos
Fil: Low, Malcolm J.. University of Michigan Medical School; Estados Unidos
Fil: Alvarez, Veronica A.. National Institutes of Health; Estados Unidos
Fil: Lovinger, David M.. National Institutes of Health; Estados Unidos
Fil: Rubinstein, Marcelo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular "Dr. Héctor N. Torres"; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales; Argentina
Subject
DOPAMINA
SUPERSENSIBILIDAD
COCAINA
CRE
Salud Ocupacional
Ciencias de la Salud
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/79453