A computational multi-objective optimization method to improve energy efficiency and thermal comfort in dwellings

Authors
Bre, Facundo; Fachinotti, Victor Daniel
Publication Year
2017
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
In the last years, multi-objective optimization techniques became into one of the main challenges of the building energy efficiency area. The objective of this paper is to develop and validate a computational code for multi-objective building performance optimization by linking an evolutionary algorithm and a building simulation software in a powerful cluster. A sophisticated version of the multi-objective Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm-II (NSGA-II) was implemented in Python code to determine the optimal building design, which allows working with categorical and discrete variables, and the objectives were evaluated using the building energy simulation software EnergyPlus. NSGA-II was implemented to run in a high-performance cluster for the parallel computing of the fitness of each population (set of possible designs). In this work, the strengths of the proposed method were demonstrated by its application to the optimal design of a typical single-family house, located in the Argentine Littoral region. This house has some rooms conditioned only by natural ventilation, and other rooms with natural ventilation supplemented by mechanical air-conditioning (hybrid ventilation). The most influential design variables like roof types, external and internal wall types, solar orientation, solar absorptance, size, type, and windows shading of this house among others were studied in two complex cases of 108 and 1016 possibilities to obtain the best trade-off (Pareto front) between heating and cooling performance. Finally, a decision-making method was applied to select one configuration of the Pareto front. Optimal simulation results for the study cases indicated that is possible to improve up to 95% the thermal comfort in naturally ventilated rooms and up to 82% energy performance in air-conditioned rooms of the building with respect to the original configuration by using a design that takes simultaneous advantage of passive strategies like thermal inertia and natural ventilation. The methodology was proved to give a robust and powerful tool to design efficient dwellings reducing the optimization time from almost 12 days to 4.4 h.
Fil: Bre, Facundo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Centro de Investigaciones en Métodos Computacionales. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Centro de Investigaciones en Métodos Computacionales; Argentina. Universidad Tecnológica Nacional. Facultad Regional Concepción del Uruguay; Argentina
Fil: Fachinotti, Victor Daniel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Centro de Investigaciones en Métodos Computacionales. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Centro de Investigaciones en Métodos Computacionales; Argentina
Subject
ENERGY CONSUMPTION
HIGH-PERFORMANCE CLUSTER APPLICATION
HYBRID VENTILATION
MULTI-OBJECTIVE OPTIMIZATION
NSGA-II
THERMAL COMFORT
Otras Ingeniería Civil
Ingeniería Civil
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Matemática Pura
Matemáticas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Ingeniería Mecánica
Ingeniería Mecánica
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/38219